sanofi-aventis: Solid Results in 2010

PARIS, Feb. 9, 2011 /PRNewswire/ --


 

 Q4 2010
 Change on a
reported
basis
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 2010
 Change on a
reported
basis
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 
Net sales
 €7,395m
 +0.5%
 -5.9%
 €30,384m
 +3.7%
 -0.8%
 
Business net income(1)
 €1,838m
 -0.3%
 -9.7%
 €9,215m
 +6.8%
 +2.6%
 
Business EPS(1)
 €1.41
 0.0%
 -9.2%
 €7.06
 +6.8%
 +2.6%
 

 
      


In order to facilitate an understanding of our operational performance, we comment on our business net income statement. Business net income(1) is a non-GAAP financial measure. The consolidated income statement for 2010 is provided in Appendix 8. A reconciliation of business net income to consolidated net income is provided in Appendix 7. Consolidated net income in 2010 was euro 5,467 million, compared with euro 5,265 million in 2009. Consolidated earnings per share in 2010 was euro 4.19 versus euro 4.03 in 2009.


 

 
Commenting on the Group's performance in 2010, sanofi-aventis Chief Executive Officer, Christopher A. Viehbacher said, "2010 was the first year in which the patent cliff really became visible with generic competition for several of our products, notably Lovenox® in the U.S. However, we have delivered another year of EPS growth due to the excellent performance of our growth platforms, which now account for 54% of sales, and tight cost control. In 2010, these growth platforms accounted for more than €16 billion in sales, an increase of 12.5%, constituting a solid basis for the mid and long term development of our company."
 
 


2010 Performance

 

  • Overall sales(2) decline of 0.8%, demonstrated resilience despite the impact of U.S. healthcare reform, EU austerity measures, and more than euro 2 billion of sales lost as a result of generic competition
  • Emerging Markets(3) generated in excess of euro 9 billion in sales (+16.3%), accounting for 29.9% of total sales and is now the largest contributor to Group sales by region
  • The Consumer Health Care (euro 2,217 million in sales, +45.7%) and Generics (euro 1,534 million in sales, +41.5%) businesses continued their strong growth trend supported by bolt-on acquisitions
  • The vaccines business had a record year with sales of euro 3,808 million, driven by a strong performance of seasonal flu vaccines which grew 33.3%; pandemic flu vaccines also contributed euro 452 million
  • Diabetes sales reached euro 4,298 million (+9.2%); penetration of Lantus®SoloSTAR® significantly increased and accounted for 40.2% of total Lantus® franchise sales in the U.S. in Q4 2010
  • Jevtana® exceeded the Group's expectations with U.S. sales of euro 82 million, while Multaq® recorded sales of euro 172 million in its first full year
  • Business EPS(1) grew 6.8% in 2010 on a reported basis and 2.6% at CER
  • Free cash flow(4) increased by 26.7% to euro 9,416 million

•Proposed dividend of euro 2.50 (versus euro 2.40 paid in 2010), with an option for payment in shares

 


Transformation Program

 

  • Cost savings are progressing faster than expected; cost savings of euro 1.3 bn(5) were achieved in 2010 and the original goal of euro 2 billion(5) (initially expected to be achieved in 2013) will now be reached in 2011, with significant reallocation of resources toward growth platforms
  • Phase III studies are expected to be reported in 2011 for 5 compounds

•FDA approval was recently obtained for Allegra® OTC with an expected launch in March

 


2011 Guidance

  • Despite the absence of A/H1N1 vaccines sales and the impact of generic competition, double digit sales increase(6) of growth platforms and cost control should lead to 2011 business EPS(1) 5% to 10% lower at CER than 2010 business EPS(7), barring major unforeseen adverse events. This guidance does not assume a return of generics of Eloxatin® in the U.S. and does not include any benefit from a possible acquisition of Genzyme.


(1) See Appendix 11 for definitions of financial indicators; (2) Growth in net sales is expressed at constant exchange rates (CER) unless otherwise indicated (see Appendix 11 for a definition); (3) See definition on page 8; (4) before restructuring costs, dividend payments and acquisitions; (5) at CER, before inflation and on a constant structure basis (6) at CER; (7) euro 7.06; see Appendix 11 for a definition.

2010 fourth-quarter and full-year net sales
 

 
Unless otherwise indicated, all sales growth figures in this press release are stated at constant exchange rates(1).
 
 


In the fourth quarter of 2010, sanofi-aventis generated net sales of euro 7,395 million, up 0.5% on a reported basis. Exchange rate movements had a favorable effect of 6.4 percentage points, mainly due to the weaker euro versus the U.S. dollar, Japanese Yen, Brazilian Real, and Australian dollar. At constant exchange rates, and including changes in structure (primarily the consolidation of Chattem), net sales decreased by 5.9%. Excluding changes in structure and at constant exchange rates, fourth-quarter net sales declined by 7.1% or by 2.4% excluding pandemic influenza vaccine sales booked in the fourth quarter of 2009.

Net sales in 2010 were 3.7% higher on a reported basis at euro 30,384 million. Exchange rate movements had a favorable effect of 4.5 percentage points, largely reflecting the appreciation of the U.S. dollar, Brazilian Real, Japanese Yen, Australian dollar and Canadian dollar against the euro. At constant exchange rates, and after taking into account changes in structure (in particular the consolidation of Chattem), net sales decreased by 0.8%. Excluding changes in structure and at constant exchange rates, net sales for the full year decreased 2.7%.

Key Growth Platforms (see Appendix 5)

The Group's growth platforms collectively accounted for 56% of total consolidated sales in the fourth quarter of 2010 which is up from 52% in the fourth quarter of 2009. In 2010, the growth platforms increased by 12.5% and represented 54% of total consolidated sales compared with 47% for 2009. Animal Health achieved sales (not consolidated) of $577 million (-1.2%) and $2,635 million (+2.6%) in the fourth quarter 2010 and in full year 2010, respectively.

Pharmaceuticals

Fourth-quarter net sales for the Pharmaceuticals business were euro 6,505 million, down 2.7%, reflecting generic competition for Lovenox® and Ambien®CR in the U.S., for Plavix® and Taxotere® in EU and the impact of U.S. health care reform and EU austerity measures. Full year 2010 net sales decreased by 1.6% to euro 26,576 million.

Flagship Products(8)
 
(millions of euros)
 Q4 2010
 Change at constant
exchange rates
 2010
 Change at constant
exchange rates
 
Lantus®
 894
 +8.8%
 3,510
 +9.1%
 
Apidra®
 49
 +24.3%
 177
 +24.1%
 
Amaryl®
 123
 +4.7%
 478
 +7.7%
 
  Total Diabetes
 1,101
 +8.8%
 4,298
 +9.2%
 
Lovenox®
 582
 -26.9%
 2,806
 -10.5%
 
Taxotere®
 456
 -20.1%
 2,122
 -6.4%
 
Plavix®
 505
 -18.6%
 2,083
 -24.6%
 
Aprovel®
 325
 -1.3%
 1,327
 +4.2%
 
Eloxatin®
 147
 +101.5%
 427
 -58.8%
 
Multaq®
 63
 +400.0%
 172
 +560.0%
 
Jevtana®
 41
 
 82
 
 

 
    


Net sales of the Diabetes division were euro 1,101 million (+8.8%) and euro 4,298 million (+9.2%) in the fourth quarter and 2010, respectively. In the fourth quarter, Lantus®, the world's leading diabetes brand, reported net sales of euro 894 million, an increase of 8.8%. Over the period, sales of the product grew by 22.2% in Japan, and by 24.8% (euro 137 million) in Emerging Markets(9) led by Latin America and China. Lantus® recorded U.S. fourth-quarter sales of euro 533 million (up 6.3%); these figures include an accrual related to U.S. health care reform and were impacted by a reduction in inventory.

(8) See Appendix 2 for a geographical split of consolidated net sales by product.

(9) World excluding the U.S. and Canada, Western Europe, Japan, Australia and New Zealand 

The contribution from Lantus®SoloSTAR® in the fourth quarter 2010 represented 40.2% of total Lantus® sales in the U.S., an increase of 7.9 percentage points versus Q4 2009. In Western Europe, sales were euro 172 million (+3.0%). In full year 2010, Lantus® family sales reached euro 3,510 million, up 9.1%.

BGStar® and iBGStarTM, the first range of blood glucose monitoring systems (BGMs) co-developed by sanofi-aventis and its partner AgaMatrix were approved in Europe. BGStar® was also approved in the U.S. where a dossier for iBGStarTM was submitted in Q4 2010. The Group expects to launch BGStar® and iBGStarTM in 2011.

In January 2011, the FDA updated its ongoing safety review of Lantus®. In addition to the analysis of the four studies published in Diabetologia, the FDA also reviewed results from a five-year diabetic retinopathy clinical trial in patients with Type 2 Diabetes. At this time and based on these data, FDA has not concluded that Lantus increases the risk of cancer.

Net sales of the rapid-acting insulin analog Apidra® increased by 24.3% to euro 49 million in the fourth quarter sustained by Western Europe and Emerging Markets. Full year 2010 net sales of Apidra reached euro 177 million (up 24.1%). Amaryl® net sales reached euro 123 million (+4.7%) in the fourth quarter and euro 478 million (+7.7%) in 2010, driven by performance in Asia .

Lovenox® net sales in the fourth quarter were euro 582 million, down 26.9% and were impacted by a generic competitor in the U.S. (U.S. sales were euro 233 million down 51.7%). Outside the U.S., Lovenox® sales reached euro 349 million (representing 60.0% of Lovenox sales in the fourth quarter), an increase of 8.4%. Full year 2010 net sales of Lovenox® reached euro 2,806 million (-10.5%), 48.7% of which was generated outside the U.S. (euro 1,367 million, up 7.8%).

November saw the expiration of Taxotere® market exclusivity in the U.S. and composition of matter patent in Europe. Fourth-quarter net sales of the product decreased 20.1% to euro 456 million. In Western Europe, sales were down 26.2% (euro 146 million) reflecting the entry of generics in most major countries at the end of the quarter. In the U.S., sales of Taxotere® were euro 156 million, down 28.1% and were impacted by lower demand from wholesalers due to the anticipation of generic entry. Outside of the U.S. and Western Europe, fourth-quarter sales were stable to euro 154 million. In 2010, sales of Taxotere® were euro 2,122 million (-6.4%), 29.5% of which was generated outside the U.S. and Western Europe.

Fourth-quarter net sales for Jevtana® (cabazitaxel) in the U.S. were euro 41 million. This new anti-cancer agent was approved on June 17 by the FDA following a priority review and launched in the U.S. on July 19 for patients with metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer previously treated with a docetaxel-based therapy. Jevtana® has exceeded the Group's expectations with sales in the U.S. reaching euro 82 million in 2010. In January 2011, the CHMP adopted a positive opinion recommending marketing authorization in the European Union in combination with prednisone or prednisolone for the treatment of patients with metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer previously treated with a docetaxel-containing treatment regimen. A Phase I bridging study has started in Japan. The Phase III study evaluating the efficacy of Jevtana® in first line prostate cancer will start enrolling patients during the second quarter.

Eloxatin® net sales in the fourth quarter were euro 147 million (up 101.5%), reflecting partial recovery of U.S. sales (euro 79 million, versus euro 7 million in Q4 2009) which were still impacted by the workdown of generic inventory at wholesaler level. In 2010, Eloxatin® sales were euro 427 million (down 58.8%), of which euro 172 million was generated in the U.S.

Since June 30, 2010, generic manufacturers have been under order by the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey to cease selling their unauthorized Eloxatin® generic in the U.S., following the settlement of their U.S. patent infringement suits. According to the settlement, these generic manufacturers will be authorized to sell generic oxaliplatin products under a license starting August 9, 2012, before expiry of the patents at issue, or upon entry of a competing generic. One generic manufacturer, Sun Pharmaceuticals, sought appellate review of the entry of the District Court's order prohibiting it from marketing a product before August, 9, 2012. On December 22, 2010, the appellate court issued a decision that vacated the District Court's order, and remanded the case for specific review of Sun's contractual requirement to exit the market under the court order. On January 21, 2011, sanofi-aventis filed a request for reconsideration of the appellate court's decision, which was denied on February 7, 2011. Presently, upon the issuance of an appellate court mandate, Sun will be able to sell its generic product. In the meantime, sanofi-aventis is reviewing its legal options.

In the fourth quarter, net sales of Multaq® were euro 63 million, of which euro 42 million was generated in the U.S. In Western Europe, fourth-quarter sales reached euro 19 million and the product is now available in all major European countries. Multaq® was launched in Spain and Italy in September and France at the end of October. In 2010, sales of Multaq® were euro 172 million of which euro 128 million was generated in the U.S.

The clinical benefit of Multaq® in reducing cardiovascular hospitalization in patients with non permanent atrial fibrillation has been recently included in the guidelines for the management of Atrial Fibrillation in Europe and in the U.S.

In January 2011, sanofi-aventis issued a Dear Health Care Provider Letter worldwide. The FDA also issued a Drug Safety Communication on hepatic events reported in patients treated with Multaq®. The product information (PI) will be updated accordingly.

Worldwide presence(1) of Plavix®/Iscover®

The fourth quarter worldwide presence of Plavix® was euro 1,730 million, down 1.9% due to generic competition in Europe. The product recorded strong growth in Japan (+30.1% to euro 158 million), and China (+34.2% to euro 57 million). In the U.S., Plavix® sales were euro 1,174 million, up 8.9% (net sales consolidated by Bristol-Myers Squibb). In 2010, the worldwide presence of Plavix® reached euro 6,895 million, down 2.9% and impacted by generic competition in Europe (-49.2%). Full-year 2010 sales in Japan were euro 520 million (+37.1%). In the U.S., more than 10 years after its launch, sales grew by 10.8% to euro 4,626 million. In China, Plavix continued its success with sales growth of 36.6% to euro 216 million.

In January 2011, the FDA granted an additional six-month period of exclusivity to market Plavix® in the U.S. Exclusivity for the product in the U.S. is now scheduled to expire on May 17, 2012.

Worldwide presence of Plavix®/Iscover®: geographic split
 
(millions of euros)
 Q4 2010
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 2010
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 
Europe
 172
 -45.1%
 822
 -49.2%
 
United States
 1,174
 +8.9%
 4,626
 +10.8%
 
Other Countries
 383
 +7.0%
 1,447
 +13.7%
 
TOTAL
 1,730
 -1.9%
 6,895
 -2.9%
 

 
    


Worldwide presence(1) of Aprovel®/Avapro®/Karvea®/Avalide®

Fourth-quarter worldwide presence of Aprovel® reached euro 473 million, down 10.8% and impacted notably by a voluntarily recall of certain lots of Avalide® (irbesartan-hydrochlorothiazide) by Bristol-Myers Squibb and sanofi-aventis from the U.S., Puerto Rican, Canadian, Mexican and Argentinean markets. The date of resupply of Avalide® to these markets has not yet been determined. Consolidated sales of the product in Emerging Markets grew by 5.3% to euro 90 million in the quarter.

In 2010, the worldwide presence of Aprovel® decreased by 1.5% to euro 2,056 million. The performance in "Other Countries" (+13.5% to euro 627 million) was supported by sales of the active ingredient to our Japanese partners. Consolidated sales in Emerging Markets increased by 8.6% to euro 358 million.

Worldwide presence of Aprovel®/Avapro®/Karvea®: geographic split
 
(millions of euros)
 Q4 2010
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 2010
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 
Europe
 228
 -7.7%
 947
 -4.4%
 
United States
 86
 -35.7%
 482
 -10.4%
 
Other Countries
 159
 +6.6%
 627
 +13.5%
 
TOTAL
 473
 -10.8%
 2,056
 -1.5%
 

 
(1) See Appendix 11 for definitions of financial indicators
 
    


Other Pharmaceutical Products

Fourth-quarter net sales of the Ambien® family were euro 160 million, down 32.4% due the entry of generics of Ambien®CR in the U.S. during the quarter. Ambien®CR sales decreased by 66.7% to euro 41 million; however sanofi-aventis launched an authorized generic which captured more than 50% of total generic prescriptions of Zolpidem®CR at the end of the quarter (IMS TRx end December). In Japan, Myslee®, the leading hypnotic on the market, showed solid growth with sales up 13.8% (euro 74 million). In 2010, sales of the Ambien® family were euro 819 million of which euro 375 million was for Ambien®CR in the U.S. (down 26%). Sales of Myslee® in Japan reached euro 247 million, up 14.5%.

Net sales of the Allegra® family totaled euro 152 million in the fourth quarter, a decrease of 5.7%. In Japan, the product grew by 9.8% to euro 96 million. In 2010, sales of Allegra® were euro 607 million, down 22.4% and impacted by the competition from Allegra® D-12 generics in the U.S. (U.S. sales of the Allegra® family were down 53.6% to euro 147 million). Over the period, Allegra® sales in Japan reached euro 356 million (down 2.0%). In January 2011, the FDA approved the Allegra® family for over-the-counter (OTC) use in adults and children two years of age and older.

Net sales of Copaxone® were euro 126 million (up +5.9%) in the fourth quarter and euro 513 million (+8.4%) in 2010, respectively. The payments received by sanofi-aventis from Teva on sales of Copaxone® in North America ceased at the end of the first quarter of 2010.

Consumer Health Care

Fourth-quarter sales of the Consumer Health Care (CHC) business increased by 32.6% to euro 572 million reflecting contribution from acquisitions (Chattem, Nepentes and Oenobiol). In 2010, CHC sales totaled euro 2,217 million, up 45.7% (+6.9% on a constant structure basis and at constant exchange rates).This performance was driven by Emerging Markets where net sales grew by 44.4% (euro 1,050 million, +17.3% on a constant structure basis and at constant exchange rates), led by Latin America and Eastern Europe. In the U.S., 2010 sales of the CHC business reached euro 320 million.

At the end of October, the Group entered into a definitive agreement to acquire all outstanding shares of BMP Sunstone for cash consideration of $10 per share, or a total of approximately $520 million on a fully diluted basis (subject to shareholder approval). BMP Sunstone reported sales of approximately $147 million in 2009 of which almost 60% were realized in the consumer healthcare segment. BMP Sunstone has established two of China's most recognized brands: "Hao Wa Wa" (GoodBaby), recently recognized as the number one paediatric Cough & Cold brand in China, and "Kang Fu Te" (Confort) a hygiene brand for women's healthcare.

Following the establishment in 2010 of the Hangzhou Sanofi Minsheng Consumer Healthcare joint venture, the acquisition of BMP Sunstone will make sanofi-aventis a leading consumer healthcare company in China, with a strong position in both Vitamins & Minerals Supplements and Cough & Cold, the two largest categories in this market.

In January, the FDA approved the Allegra® family of allergy medication products for over-the-counter use in adults and children two years of age and older. Chattem will launch the Allegra family in March for the spring allergy season on the U.S. OTC market. The Allegra® family of OTC products will be available in drug, grocery, mass merchandiser and club stores nationwide. This switch constitutes a key step in our CHC growth strategy in the U.S.

Generics

Net sales for the generics business were euro 420 million in the fourth quarter 2010, an increase of 18.0% led by Emerging Markets and the U.S. where an authorized generic of Ambien®CR was launched during the period. Sales in Emerging Markets grew by 18.3% over the period. In 2010, sales of the generics business grew by 41.5% to euro 1,534 million, due to acquisitions completed in 2009 and solid organic growth (+18.5% on a constant structure basis and at constant exchange rates), especially in Eastern Europe and Brazil as well as in the U.S.

Animal Health

Net sales of Merial, a wholly-owned subsidiary of sanofi-aventis since September 18, 2009, were $577 million in the fourth quarter, down 1.2% (-2.6% on a reported basis). Companion animal franchise sales in the fourth quarter 2010 were down 3.3% to $304 million while Production animal franchise sales reached $274 million, up 1.2% sustained by good performance of the Avian and Ruminant segments.

Full-year 2010 net sales of Merial reached $2,635 million, up 2.6% (+3.2% on a reported basis). Frontline® family sales reached $1,027 million, an increase of 2.4%, with growth in the U.S. (+7.6%) largely offsetting the impact of Frontline® branded generics in Europe. Companion animal franchise sales were $1,707 million, an increase of +1.4%. Sales of the production animal franchise reached $928 million, an increase of 5.0%. Merial recorded strong growth in 2010 in Emerging Markets (+10.4%). In the U.S. and Western Europe sales performance was +3.0% and -2.1%, respectively.

In March 2010, sanofi-aventis exercised its option to combine Merial with Intervet/Schering-Plough, Merck's Animal Health business, to create a global leader in Animal Health. The new joint venture Merial Intervet which will be equally owned by Merck and sanofi-aventis, is subject to execution of the final agreement, antitrust review in the U.S., Europe and other countries and other customary closing conditions. Closing of the transaction is expected in the first half of 2011.

As the option to combine Merial with Intervet/Schering-Plough has been exercised, sanofi-aventis continues to recognize the contribution from Merial on a separate line, "Share of profit/loss of Merial" (Merial sales are not consolidated), in accordance with IFRS 5.

Human Vaccines

In the fourth quarter of 2010, consolidated net sales for the Human Vaccines business totaled euro 890 million, an increase of 12.6% excluding pandemic influenza vaccine sales booked in the fourth quarter of 2009, or a decline of 24.4% including pandemic vaccines sales. Year-to-date consolidated net sales for the Human Vaccines business were up 4.8% to euro 3,808 million.

Fourth-quarter seasonal influenza vaccine sales were euro 285 million, up 34.4%. In the U.S., sales increased by 50% supported by strong Fluzone® demand and the successful launch of Fluzone® High Dose IM in the elderly segment. 2010 was another record year for Sanofi Pasteur's influenza vaccines with sales totaling euro 1,297 million, an increase of 18.7%, including euro 452 million of pandemic vaccine sales. Seasonal vaccine sales showed a 33.3% increase to euro 845 million, of which euro 485 million from the U.S. (+54.5%).

Polio/Pertussis/Hib vaccines sales in the fourth quarter were euro 265 million, up 0.8%, reflecting Pentaxim® (+158.2% to euro 48 million) continued growth in emerging markets. In 2010, Polio/Pertussis/Hib vaccines sales reached euro 984 million, down 2.9%, including euro 190 million of Pentaxim® sales (+43.9%) and euro 317 million of Pentacel® sales (-11.4%).

Fourth-quarter Menactra® sales increased by 7.2% to euro 64 million, led by launches in the international region. In 2010, sales of Menactra® were euro 436 million, down 7.0%, however reflecting the strong resilience to the introduction of a competitive offering and within a context of declining catch-up cohort in the U.S. adolescent population.

Net sales of adult boosters were euro 117 million (+12.6%) and euro 449 million (+4.7%) in the fourth quarter and 2010 respectively. Full year 2010 sales of Adacel® reached euro 301 million, an increase of 6.1%.

Net sales of Travel and other endemic vaccines grew 11.8% to euro 92 million, sustained by the performance of rabies vaccines. Full-year 2010 net sales reached euro 382 million, an increase of 15.7%.

Consolidated vaccines sales
 
(millions of euros)
 Q4 2010
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 2010
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 
Influenza Vaccines (incl. Vaxigrip® and Fluzone®)
 285
 -51.8%
 1,297
 +18.7%
 
    of  which seasonal vaccines
 285
 +34.4%
 845
 +33.3%
 
    of  which pandemic vaccines
 0
 -100.0%
 452
 -
 
Polio/Pertussis/Hib Vaccines (incl. Pentacel® and Pentaxim®)
 265
 +0.8%
 984
 -2.9%
 
Meningitis/Pneumonia Vaccines (incl. Menactra®)
 84
 +4.1%
 527
 -6.7%
 
Adult Booster Vaccines (incl. Adacel ®)
 117
 +12.6%
 449
 4.7%
 
Travel and Other Endemics Vaccines
 92
 +11.8%
 382
 +15.7%
 
Other Vaccines
 47
 -4.4%
 169
 -18.4%
 
TOTAL
 890
 -24.4%
 3,808
 +4.8%
 

 
    


Sanofi Pasteur MSD (not consolidated by sanofi-aventis), the joint venture with Merck & Co in Europe, recorded fourth-quarter net sales of euro 256 million, down 13.5% on a reported basis. Gardasil® sales were euro 78 million, down 13.0% on a reported basis. In 2010, Sanofi Pasteur MSD totaled euro 918 million (-18.9% on a reported basis), reflecting the decrease in Gardasil® sales (-33.5% on a reported basis to euro 263 million) due to the reduction in the catch-up cohort.


Net sales by geographic region
 
(millions of euros)
 Q4 2010
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 2010
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 
United States
 2,109
 -13.4%
 8,968
 -8,4%
 
Western Europe*
 2,146
 -10.2%
 8,997
 -8.8%
 
Emerging Markets**
 2,201
 +2.7%
 9,075
 +16,3%
 
 of which Eastern Europe and Turkey
 632
 -0.8%
 2,612
 +10.0%
 
 of which Asia
 501
 +17.4%
 1,983
 +14.2%
 
 of which Latin America
 631
 -0.3%
 2,735
 +32.4%
 
 of which Africa
 209
 -5.7%
 846
 +4.0%
 
 of which Middle East
 202
 +5.4%
 789
 +19.6%
 
Rest of the world***
 939
 +7.2%
 3,344
 +7.7%
 
 of which Japan
 641
 +9.8%
 2,225
 +9.1%
 
TOTAL
 7,395
 -5.9%
 30,384
 -0.8%
 
* France, Germany, UK, Italy, Spain, Greece, Cyprus, Malta, Belgium, Luxembourg, Portugal, Netherlands, Austria, Switzerland, Sweden, Ireland, Finland,
Norway, Iceland, Denmark

** World less the U.S. and Canada, Western Europe, Japan, Australia and New Zealand 

*** Japan, Canada, Australia and New Zealand
 
    


Fourth-quarter net sales in Emerging Markets were euro 2,201 million, an increase of 2.7% (+2.6% on a constant structure basis and at constant exchange rates). Excluding sales of pandemic flu vaccines booked in Q4 2009 (euro 77 million, essentially in Latin America and Middle East), Emerging Markets grew by 6.8%. Sales in Brazil increased by only 1.3% to euro 304 million, due to wholesalers' inventory workdown linked to the full implementation in 2011 of a direct supply system by the Group and A/H1N1 sales in Q4 2009. China recorded another strong quarter with sales of euro 185 million, an increase of 59.3%. Eastern Europe sales were euro 632 million (-0.8%) as sales in Russia were impacted by a weak cold and flu OTC season.

In 2010, Emerging Markets sales grew by 16.3% to euro 9,075 million, accounting for 29.9% of total sales, the largest contribution to Group sales by region. This performance was due to robust organic growth (+13.2% on a constant structure basis and at constant exchange rates) and the impact of targeted acquisitions (mainly Zentiva in Eastern Europe and Medley in Brazil). In 2010, Brazil, Russia and China generated significant growth of 51.4% (euro 1,327 million), 19.9% (euro 654 million) and 23.6% (euro 667 million), respectively, due to organic growth (including A/H1N1 sales in Brazil) and the impact of acquisitions on first-quarter sales for Brazil (Medley) and Russia (Zentiva).

Fourth-quarter net sales in Japan reached euro 641 million, an increase of 9.8%, supported by the success of Plavix® (up 30.1% to euro 158 million) and the growth of Allegra® and Myslee®. In 2010, sales in Japan were euro 2,225 million (+9.1%) of which euro 520 million were generated by Plavix® (+37.1%).

Fourth-quarter net sales in the U.S. totaled euro 2,109 million, a decrease of 13.4%, reflecting the impact of generics of Lovenox®, and Ambien®CR,  health care reform and a decrease in vaccines sales due to pandemic flu sales booked in Q4 2009. Sales in the U.S. were euro 8,968 million (-8.4%) in 2010.

Net sales in Western Europe were euro 2,146 million in fourth quarter, down 10.2% due to the impact of generic competition for Plavix®, Taxotere® and austerity measures. In 2010, sales in this region totaled euro 8,997 million (-8.8%).

R&D update

In the past year, the R&D organization made further progress on its transformation strategy.  As previously announced, Dr. Elias Zerhouni was appointed as President, Global Research & Development, covering Medicines and Vaccines, and reporting directly to Christopher A. Viehbacher. Dr. Zerhouni joined the Executive Committee and the Management Committee.  Since his appointment as Scientific Advisor to Christopher A. Viehbacher in February 2009, Dr. Zerhouni has been instrumental in redesigning the R&D model to foster increased innovation, the first pillar of the Group's strategy.

As a world renowned leader in the scientific community, Dr. Zerhouni's academic career was spent at Johns Hopkins University and Hospital. From 2002 to 2008, Dr. Zerhouni served as the Director of the prestigious National Institutes of Health.

Regarding progress in clinical development, there were a number of important milestones achieved in the past months. The Group announced recently additional positive Phase III results on lixisenatide. Additionally, three approvals were granted by regulatory authorities (Allegra® family for over-the-counter use in the U.S., Pentacel® in EU and ImojevTM in Thailand). Lastly, the CHMP issued a positive recommendation for the approval of Jevtana® in Europe.

Throughout 2011, further newsflow from R&D is expected with Phase III studies expected to be completed/reported for five compounds currently in development (lixisenatide, teriflunomide, aflibercept, ombrabulin, and semuloparin).

Since the last R&D update on October 29, beyond the results highlighted above, several trials in the late stage pipeline started to recruit patients and some compounds entered Phase I or Phase II. Additional partnerships with companies and collaborations with Academia were also signed.

At the beginning of February, sanofi-aventis portfolio comprises 55 projects in clinical development of which 13 are in Phase III or have been submitted to the health authorities for approval.

Evolution of the late stage portfolio:

In February, sanofi-aventis announced the Phase III results of GETGOAL-X of the GETGOAL program assessing the efficacy and safety of lixisenatide (partnership with Zealand Pharma), a once-daily GLP-1 receptor agonist, in patients with type 2 diabetes, versus exenatide twice daily. The primary endpoint of non inferior HbA1c reduction compared to exenatide was met. In addition, the initial results showed that significantly fewer people treated with lixisenatide reported hypoglycemic events versus patients treated with exenatide. Three positive Phase III study of the GETGOAL clinical trial program (GETGOAL MONO, GETGOAL L-ASIA and GETGOAL-X) have now been released and all met primary HbA1c endpoint and confirmed the attractive efficacy and safety profile of lixisenatide, once-daily, in patients with type 2 diabetes. Most remaining studies of the GETGOAL program are expected to be completed by the end 2011.

In January, sanofi-aventis and its subsidiary BiPar Sciences announced that a Phase III trial evaluating BSI-201 in patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer did not meet the pre-specified criteria for significance for co-primary endpoints of overall survival and progression-free survival. Importantly, the results of a pre-specified analysis in patients treated in the second- and third-line setting demonstrate an improvement in overall survival and progression-free survival, consistent with what was seen in the Phase II study. The overall safety analysis indicated that the addition of BSI-201 did not significantly add to the toxicity profile of gemcitabine and carboplatin. Sanofi-aventis plans to discuss these data with United States and European health authorities in the near future. Full study results will be presented at an upcoming major oncology conference. The current clinical development program for BSI-201 continues in breast, lung and other cancers.

The development program of Jevtana® has progressed as expected with the start of the Phase I bridging study in Japan. The Phase III study evaluating the efficacy of Jevtana®  in first line prostate cancer will start enrolling patients during the second quarter.

The monotherapy program of teriflunomide progress as planned with the two Phase III trials ongoing, TOWER (versus placebo) and TENERE (versus IFN-beta 1a). In parallel, screening of the Phase III TERACLES study evaluating the compound as an adjunct therapy to IFN-beta for the treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis has began. A Phase III study, TOPIC, is also underway in early multiple sclerosis or CIS (clinically isolated syndrome).

Enrolment of the 300 patients in the Phase III study investigating ombrabulin, a vascular disrupting agent in sarcoma on top of cisplatin has now completed.

Evolution of the early stage portfolio:

  • Looking beyond the developments in the late stage pipeline described above, a monoclonal antibody anti PCSK9 (SAR236553) (partnership with Regeneron) for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia entered Phase II. In parallel, three compounds entered Phase I, a selective oral H3 receptor antagonist, SAR152954, investigated in sleep disorders and SAR302532, a monoclonal antibody issued from Regeneron partnership in internal medicine and RetinoStat (partnership with Oxford Biomedica).


Regeneron and sanofi-aventis were informed by the FDA that a case confirmed as avascular necrosis of a joint was seen in another company's anti-nerve growth factor program.  The FDA believes this additional case provides evidence to suggest a class-effect and has placed SAR164877 (NGF inhibitor being developed by Regeneron and sanofi-aventis) on clinical hold as all the other NGF inhibitor under clinical development.

Several regulatory milestones were reached during the period:

 

  • In January, the FDA approved the Allegra® family of allergy medication products for over-the-counter use in adults and children two years of age and older. In Japan, the 60mg orally disintegrating tablet (ODT) of Allegra® was also approved in December.
  • In January, the FDA granted an additional six-month period of exclusivity to market Plavix® in the U.S. Exclusivity for the product in the U.S. is now scheduled to expire on May 17, 2012.

•In January, CHMP adopted a positive opinion recommending marketing authorization in the European Union for Jevtana® in combination with prednisone or prednisolone for the treatment of patients with metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer previously treated with a docetaxel-containing treatment regimen

 


Three partnerships were signed:

 

  • A worldwide R&D agreement was announced in December between Merck KGaA and sanofi-aventis, who will collaboratively investigate novel experimental combinations for oncology treatments. The combinations involve Merck Serono's MEK inhibitor (MSC1936369B/AS703026), sanofi-aventis PI3K/mTOR inhibitor (SAR245409/XL765) and class I PI3K inhibitor (SAR245408/XL147).
  • In December, a worldwide strategic alliance with Avila TherapeuticsTM Inc. was announced. The aim of this partnership is to discover targeted covalent drugs for the treatment of cancers. Under the alliance agreement sanofi-aventis obtains a worldwide exclusive license to develop and commercialize the compounds resulting from the discovery collaboration.

•A global licensing and patent transfer agreement was also announced in December on Ascendis' proprietary TransCon Linker and Hydrogel Carrier technology, which allows for a drug compound to be released in the body in a precise, time-controlled fashion, creating a long-acting effect. Under the terms of the agreement, sanofi-aventis will receive a worldwide license to develop, manufacture and commercialize products combining the technology with active molecules in diabetes and related disorders.

 


Three collaborations with academia were also announced:

 

  • In October, a research collaboration with Harvard University was announced. The focus of this collaboration is translational biomedical research in multiple therapeutic areas such as cancer, diabetes and inflammation.
  • In December, sanofi-aventis and Aviesan (the French National Alliance for Life Sciences and Health Sciences) further strengthened their partnership through the signature of a strategic research collaboration between sanofi-aventis and the Marseille-Luminy immunology Center.

•In January, two research and development collaborations were announced with the University of California, San Francisco. The first collaboration promotes innovative research in pharmacological science and in multiple therapeutic areas, such as oncology, aging, diabetes and inflammation. The second collaboration is an oncology partnership that will focus on project-based collaboration to accelerate the progression of research through the clinical proof of concept stage.

 


Fourth-quarter 2010 financial results

Business Net Income(1)

Fourth-quarter net sales of sanofi-aventis reached euro 7,395 million, up 0.5% on a reported basis. At constant exchange rates, sales were down 5.9% impacted by U.S. health care reform, EU austerity measures, and the loss of more than euro 400 million of sales due to generic competition. "Other revenues" were euro 415 million, an increase of 12.8% reflecting the growth of Plavix® in the U.S. coupled with a favorable dollar effect.

Gross profit was euro 5,500 million (-0.1%). At constant exchange rates, gross profit decreased by 7.4%. The ratio of cost of sales to net sales increased by 1 percentage point to 31.2% due to the impact of generic competition (mainly Lovenox® and Ambien®CR in the U.S. and Plavix® and Taxotere® in Europe) and higher raw heparin prices.

Transforming initiatives led to a 10.9% decrease at constant exchange rates (-7.2% on a reported basis) in research and development expenses to euro 1,126 million. The ratio of R&D expenses to net sales was 15.2%, down 1.3 percentage point versus the fourth quarter of 2009.

Selling and general expenses decreased by 2.9% at constant exchange rates (+3.3% on a reported basis) to euro 2,057 million and included additional operating expenses linked to acquired companies, the global roll-out costs of Multaq® and increased promotional effort on Lantus® in the U.S. The ratio of selling and general expenses to net sales was 27.8%, 0.8 percentage point higher than Q4 2009 (which benefited from euro 362 million of pandemic flu vaccines sales on which marketing expenses were low).

Other current operating income net of expenses showed a net expense of euro 52 million versus net income of euro 19 million in the fourth quarter of 2009 which included a euro 88 million payment from Teva on sales of Copaxone® in North America. These payments ceased at the end of the first quarter of 2010.

The share of profits from associates (excluding Merial) reached euro 253 million, up 28.4%. The share of after-tax profits from the territories managed by BMS under the Plavix® and Avapro® alliance was euro 246 million up 31.6%, driven by the performance of Plavix® in the U.S. and a positive U.S. dollar impact. Business net income from Merial was stable at euro 52 million.

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests was euro 55 million, down 32.1%. The pre-tax profits paid to BMS from territories managed by sanofi-aventis declined by 27.6% to euro 55 million as result of competition from clopidogrel generics in Europe.

Business operating income was euro 2,515 million, up 1.2%, but down 8.2% at constant exchange rates.

Net financial expenses were euro 95 million, down 18.8%, reflecting a reduction in average debt in the fourth quarter.

The effective tax rate was 26.8%, an increase of 3.0 percentage points. The effective tax rate in the fourth quarter 2009 was reduced to 23.8% due to a new protocol in the 1994 U.S.-France income tax treaty, which was signed in December 2009.

Business net income(1) was euro 1,838 million, down 0.3%. At constant exchange rates, business net income was down 9.7% and was notably impacted by the absence of H1N1 sales (euro 362 million were booked in Q4 2009).


 

 
Business earnings per share(1) (EPS) was flat at €1.41, versus the 2009 fourth-quarter figure. At constant exchange rates, business earnings per share(1) decreased by 9.2%.
 
 


(1) See Appendix 11 for definitions of financial indicators, and Appendix 7 for reconciliation of business net income to consolidated net income attributable to equity holders of sanofi-aventis

2010 financial results

Business Net Income(1)

In 2010, sanofi-aventis net sales were euro 30,384 million, an increase of 3.7% on a reported basis. At constant exchange rate, sales declined only 0.8% despite the impact of U.S. health care reform, EU austerity measures, and the loss of more than euro 2 billion of sales due to generic competition. "Other revenues" reached euro 1,651 million, up 14.4% reflecting Plavix® growth in the U.S. (+ 10.8%) enhanced by a favorable U.S. dollar impact.

Gross profit was euro 23,348 million, an increase of 2.0%. At constant exchange rates, gross profit was down 2.6%. The ratio of cost of sales to net sales was 1.8 percentage points higher at 28.6%, mainly due to the impact of generic competition (notably Plavix® in Europe and Lovenox® in the U.S.) and higher raw heparin prices.

Research and development expenses reached euro 4,401 million, down 6.2% at constant exchange rates, or 4.0% on a reported basis. This decrease reflects mainly a reduction in internal R&D fixed costs, which more than offset a rise in external R&D expenses and ongoing spend in vaccines. The ratio of R&D expenses to net sales was 1.1 percentage points lower than in 2009, at 14.5%.

Selling and general expenses were euro 7,567 million, down 1.2% at constant exchange rates, but up 3.3% on a reported basis. This reduction also includes additional operating expenses resulting from acquired companies and the reallocation of resources towards growth drivers. Significant adjustments to reduce cost structure in the U.S. and Western Europe were achieved which more than offset the increase investment in Emerging Markets, launch costs for Jevtana® and Multaq®, and higher promotional spend on Lantus®. The ratio of selling and general expenses to net sales was 24.9%, down 0.1 percentage point versus 2009.

Other current operating income net of expenses was euro 83 million versus euro 385 million in 2009. Payments received from Teva on sales of Copaxone® in North America (ceased at the end of the first quarter) were euro 89 million versus euro 346 million in 2009. This line also includes a foreign exchange loss attributable to the hedging policy, compared with a gain in 2009.

The share of profits from associates (excluding Merial) increased by 23.2% to euro 1,036 million, driven by a 24.8% rise in the share of after-tax profits from the territories managed by BMS under the Plavix® and Avapro® alliance (euro 980 million). Business net income from Merial was euro 418 million compared with euro 241 million in 2009 (our stake in Merial increased from 50% to 100% on September 18, 2009).

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests was euro 257 million, down 39.8%, due to competition from clopidogrel generics in Europe (pre-tax profits paid to BMS from territories managed by sanofi-aventis were euro 238 million, down 41.2%).

Business operating income reached euro 12,660 million, an increase of 5.3%, or 1.2% at constant exchange rates. The business operating income to net sales ratio was 41.7%, up 0.7 percentage point. Transforming initiatives already delivered euro 1.3 billion of savings (at CER, before inflation and on a constant structure basis) in 2010.

Net financial expenses were euro 362 million versus euro 300 million in 2009. This line reflects a rise of the average debt as well as slightly higher interest rate paid on the debt linked to its increase duration. Net financial expenses also include a capital gain of euro 47 million on the sale of the stake in Novexel booked in the first quarter of 2010.

Full-year effective tax rate was 27.8% compared with 28.0% in 2009.

Business net income(1) was euro 9,215 million, an increase of 6.8%, or 2.6% at constant exchange rates, leading to an improvement of 0.9 percentage point in the ratio of business net income(1) to net sales to 30.3%.


 

 
Business earnings per share(1) (EPS) was €7.06, an increase of 6.8% over 2009 figure of €6.61. At constant exchange rates, business earnings per share(1) increased by 2.6%.
 
 


(1)  See Appendix 11 for definitions of financial indicators, and Appendix 7 for reconciliation of business net income to consolidated net income attributable to equity holders of sanofi-aventis

From business net income to consolidated net income (see Appendix 7)

In 2010, the main reconciling items between business net income and consolidated net income were:

 

  • An amortization charge of euro 3,529 million against intangible assets arising on the application of purchase accounting to acquired companies (primarily Aventis: euro 3,070 million) and to acquired intangible assets (licenses/products: euro 202 million).The fourth-quarter amortization charge against intangible assets was euro 848 million, euro 53 million of which related to acquired intangible assets (licenses/products). This item has no cash impact on the Group.
  • An impairment loss against intangible assets of euro 433 million (including euro 154 million in the fourth quarter related to a Zentiva product and BSI-201). This item has no cash impact on the Group.
  • A charge of euro 30 million arising from the workdown of inventories of acquired companies remeasured at fair value due to the application of purchase accounting to acquisitions, of which euro 6 million in the fourth quarter. This item has no cash impact on the Group.
  • euro 1,372 million of restructuring costs (including euro 880 million in the fourth quarter) mainly related to the continuing transformation of our commercial operations and our R&D activities in European Union and North America and the adaptation of chemical and biotechnology manufacturing facilities in France.
  • A charge of euro 138 million reflecting an adjustment in provisions related to legacy assets sold by Aventis before the merger.
  • A euro 1,841 million tax effect arising from the items listed above, comprising deferred taxes of euro 1,181 million generated by amortization charged against intangible assets, euro 9 million by the workdown of inventories of acquired companies and euro 143 million generated by the impairment loss. The fourth-quarter tax effect was euro 678 million, including euro 286 million of deferred taxes generated by amortization charged against intangible assets, and euro 50 million by the impairment loss (see Appendix 7).

•In "Share of profits/losses from associates" (excluding Merial), a reversal of euro 58 million, net of tax, mainly relating to the amortization of intangible assets (euro 36 million of which was booked in the fourth quarter); and for Merial a reversal of euro 32 million net of tax (mainly related to the workdown of inventories). These items have no cash impact on the Group.

 


Strong cash flow from operating activities in 2010 (See Appendices 9 and 10)

Net cash generated by operating activities after changes in working capital and before restructuring costs was euro 10,677, an increase of 20.1% compared with 2009. This amount provided finance for capital expenditures (euro 1,261 million, down 13.6% due to tight cost control), the dividend paid by sanofi-aventis (euro 3,131 million) and restructuring costs (euro 892 million), and also funded the acquisitions and partnerships made during the period (euro 2,433 million) and reduced debt. These acquisitions comprised purchases of equity interests for a total of euro 2,121 million including assumed debt (primarily Chattem, euro 1,640 million), and spending on licences/products (euro 312 million). The Group also spent euro 321 million on repurchasing its own shares. Consequently, net debt at December 31, 2010 was euro 1,577 million (debt of euro 8,042 million after taking into account derivatives, net of euro 6,465 million cash and cash equivalents), euro 2,551 million lower than net debt at December 31, 2009 (euro 4,128 million).

2011 Guidance

Despite the absence of A/H1N1 vaccines sales and the impact of generic competition, double digit sales increase(6) of growth platforms and cost control should lead to 2011 business EPS(1) 5% to 10% lower at CER than 2010 business EPS(7), barring major unforeseen adverse events. This guidance does not assume a return of generics of Eloxatin® in the U.S. and does not include any benefit from a possible acquisition of Genzyme.

(1) See Appendix 11 for definitions of financial indicators; (6) at CER; (7) euro 7.06, see Appendix 11 for a definition

**********

The Board meeting which signed off the financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2010 was held on February 8, 2011. Audit procedures on the consolidated financial statements are complete. The audit opinion will be issued by the statutory auditors once they have finalized the specific verifications and other procedures required for the purposes of filing the French-language document de reference and the Form 20-F with the market authorities.

**********

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended.  Forward-looking statements are statements that are not historical facts. These statements include projections and estimates and their underlying assumptions, statements regarding plans, objectives, intentions and expectations with respect to future financial results, events, operations, services, product development and potential, and statements regarding future performance. Forward-looking statements are generally identified by the words "expects," "anticipates," "believes," "intends," "estimates," "plans" and similar expressions.  Although sanofi-aventis' management believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, investors are cautioned that forward-looking information and statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties, many of which are difficult to predict and generally beyond the control of sanofi-aventis, that could cause actual results and developments to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied or projected by, the forward-looking information and statements. These risks and uncertainties include among other things, the uncertainties inherent in research and development, future clinical data and analysis, including post marketing, decisions by regulatory authorities, such as the FDA or the EMA, regarding whether and when to approve any drug, device or biological application that may be filed for any such product candidates as well as their decisions regarding labelling and other matters that could affect the availability or commercial potential of such products candidates, the absence of guarantee that the products candidates if approved will be commercially successful, the future approval and commercial success of therapeutic alternatives, the Group's ability to benefit from external growth opportunities as well as those discussed or identified in the public filings with the SEC and the AMF made by sanofi-aventis, including those listed under "Risk Factors" and "Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements" in sanofi-aventis' annual report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2009.  Other than as required by applicable law, sanofi-aventis does not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking information or statements.

Contact: Jack Cox, Senior Director, Public Affairs and Media Relations, +1-908-981-5280, [email protected]

Appendices
 

 
List of appendices
 

 
Appendix 1:
 2010 fourth-quarter and 2010 consolidated net sales by product
 
Appendix 2:
 2010 fourth-quarter and 2010 consolidated net sales by geographic region and product
 
Appendix 3:
 Consolidated net sales by business segment
 
Appendix 4:
 Net sales by Animal Health product
 
Appendix 5:
 Net sales of Growth Platforms
 
Appendix 6:
 Fourth-quarter and 2010 business net income statement
 
Appendix 7:
 Reconciliation of business net income to consolidated net income attributable to equity holders of sanofi-aventis
 
Appendix 8:
 Fourth-quarter and 2010 consolidated income statement
 
Appendix 9:
 Change in net debt
 
Appendix 10:
 Simplified consolidated balance sheet
 
Appendix 11:
 Definitions of non-GAAP financial indicators
 
 


Appendix 1: 2010 fourth-quarter and 2010 consolidated net sales by product

 
(millions of euros)
 Q4 2010
net sales
 Change at constant
exchange rates
 Change on a
reported basis
 Change on a constant
structure basis and at
constant exchange rates
 
Lantus®
 894
 +8.8%
 +17.2%
 +8.8%
 
Apidra®
 49
 +24.3%
 +32.4%
 +24.3%
 
Amaryl®
 123
 +4.7%
 +16.0%
 +4.7%
 
Insuman®
 35
 +6.1%
 +6.1%
 +6.1%
 
    Total Diabetes
 1,101
 +8.8%
 +17.3%
 +8.8%
 
Lovenox®
 582
 -26.9%
 -22.8%
 -26.9%
 
Plavix®
 505
 -18.6%
 -11.4%
 -18.6%
 
Taxotere®
 456
 -20.1%
 -14.4%
 -20.1%
 
Aprovel®
 325
 -1.3%
 +2.5%
 -1.3%
 
Eloxatin®
 147
 +101.5%
 +119.4%
 +101.5%
 
Multaq®
 63
 +400.0%
 +425.0%
 +400.0%
 
Jevtana®
 41
 
 
 
 
Stilnox®/Ambien®/Ambien CR®/Myslee®
 160
 -32.4%
 -24.9%
 -32.4%
 
Allegra®
 152
 -5.7%
 +8.6%
 +10.0%
 
Copaxone®
 126
 +5.9%
 +6.8%
 +11.6%
 
Tritace®
 96
 -7.9%
 -5.0%
 -6.1%
 
Depakine®
 95
 +7.1%
 +13.1%
 +7.1%
 
Xatral®
 71
 -7.0%
 0.0%
 -7.0%
 
Actonel®
 56
 -20.0%
 -13.8%
 -20.0%
 
Nasacort®
 43
 -23.1%
 -17.3%
 -23.1%
 
Other Products
 1,494
 -5.1%
 +0.3%
 -3.0%
 
Consumer Health Care
 572
 +32.6%
 +41.2%
 +0.2%
 
Generics
 420
 +18.0%
 +26.1%
 +10.1%
 
Total Pharmaceuticals
 6,505
 -2.7%
 +3.9%
 -4.2%
 
Vaccines
 890
 -24.4%
 -18.9%
 -24.2%
 
Total
 7,395
 -5.9%
 +0.5%
 -7.1%
 

 
    

 

 
(millions of euros)
 2010
net sales
 Change at constant
exchange rates
 Change on a
reported basis
 Change on a constant
structure basis and at
constant exchange rates
 
Lantus®
 3,510
 +9.1%
 +14.0%
 +9.1%
 
Apidra®
 177
 +24.1%
 +29.2%
 +24.1%
 
Amaryl®
 478
 +7.7%
 +14.9%
 +7.7%
 
Insuman®
 133
 +1.5%
 +1.5%
 +1.5%
 
    Total Diabetes
 4,298
 +9.2%
 +14.2%
 +9.2%
 
Lovenox®
 2,806
  -10.5%
 -7.8%
 -10.5%
 
Plavix®
 2,083
 -24.6%
 -20.6%
 -24.6%
 
Taxotere®
 2,122
 -6.4%
 -2.5%
 -6.4%
 
Aprovel®
 1,327
 +4.2%
 +7.4%
 +4.2%
 
Eloxatin®
 427
 -58.8%
 -55.4%
 -58.8%
 
Multaq®
 172
 +560.0%
 +588.0%
 +560.0%
 
Jevtana®
 82
 
 
 
 
Stilnox®/Ambien®/Ambien CR®/Myslee®
 819
 -10.9%
 -6.2%
 -10.8%
 
Allegra®
 607
 -22.4%
 -17.0%
 -18.5%
 
Copaxone®
 513
 +8.4%
 +9.9%
 +11.0%
 
Tritace®
 410
 -7.2%
 -4.4%
 -5.2%
 
Depakine®
 372
 +7.6%
 +13.1%
 +7.6%
 
Xatral®
 296
 -3.4%
 0.0%
 -3.1%
 
Actonel®
 238
 -16.3%
 -9.8%
 -16.3%
 
Nasacort®
 189
 -16.8%
 -14.1%
 -16.8%
 
Other Products
 6,064
 -1.9%
 +2.0%
 +0.3%
 
Consumer Health Care
 2,217
 +45.7%
 +55.0%
 +6.9%
 
Generics
 1,534
 +41.5%
 +51.6%
 +18.5%
 
Total Pharmaceuticals
 26,576
 -1.6%
 +2.9%
 -3.6%
 
Vaccines
 3,808
 +4.8%
 +9.3%
 +3.8%
 
Total
 30,384
 -0.8%
 +3.7%
 -2.7%
 

 
    

 

Appendix 2: 2010 fourth-quarter and 2010 consolidated net sales by geographic region and product

 

Pharmaceuticals

 
Q4 2010 net sales (€ million)
 Western
Europe
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 United
States
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 Emerging
Markets
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 Rest of
the
World
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 
Lantus®
 172
 +3.0%
 533
 +6.3%
 137
 +24.8%
 52
 +21.6%
 
Apidra®
 19
 +28.6%
 16
 +7.1%
 9
 +28.6%
 5
 +100.0%
 
Amaryl®
 10
 -23.1%
 1
 -33.3%
 56
 +29.3%
 56
 -6.1%
 
Insuman®
 28
 +3.7%
 0
 
 7
 +16.7%
 0
 
 
    Total Diabetes
 229
 +3.2%
 550
 +6.1%
 209
 +25.8%
 113
 +8.0%
 
Lovenox®
 198
 +7.7%
 233
 -51.7%
 126
 +5.4%
 25
 35.3%
 
Plavix®
 133
 -47.8%
 49*
 -3.8%
 155
 -1.4%
 168
 +14.5%
 
Taxotere®
 146
 -26.2%
 156
 -28.1%
 92
 -2.3%
 62
 +3.8%
 
Aprovel®
 199
 -9.2%
 9*
 +28.6%
 90
 +3.8%
 27
 +84.6%
 
Eloxatin®
 12
 -21.4%
 79
 
 42
 +18.8%
 14
 -7.1%
 
Multaq®
 19
 

 42
 
 1
 
 1
 
 
Jevtana®
 0
 
 41
 
 0
 
 0
 
 
Stilnox®/Ambien®/Ambien CR®/ Myslee®
 13
 -6.7%
 54
 -60.5%
 17
 +23.1%
 76
 +12.5%
 
Allegra®
 2
 +50.0%
 31
 -39.1%
 22
 +23.5%
 97
 +6.7%
 
Copaxone®
 122
 +9.0%
 0
 
 0
 
 4
 0.0%
 
Tritace®
 46
 0.0%
 0
 
 44
 -4.5%
 6
 -54.5%
 
Depakine®
 37
 +5.7%
 0
 
 54
 +6.4%
 4
 +50.0%
 
Xatral®
 15
 -16.7%
 37
 -8.1%
 18
 0.0%
 1
 
 
Actonel®
 23
 -28.1%
 0
 
 21
 -16.7%
 12
 +0.0%
 
Nasacort®
 6
 -0.0%
 29
 -29.7%
 7
 0.0%
 1
 -50.0%
 
Consumer Health Care
 151
 -5.0%
 86
 
 278
 +23.2%
 57
 +34.3%
 
Generics
 93
 -17.3%
 39
 
 281
 +18.3%
 7
 +100.0%
 
Others
 654
 -0.9%
 144
 -3.6%
 501
 -6.4%
 195
 -16.9%
 
Total Pharma
 2,098
 -8.2%
 1,579
 -7.9%
 1,958
 +6.4%
 870
 +5.0%
 

 
        

 


 
2010 net sales (€ million)
 Western
Europe
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 United
States
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 Emerging
Markets
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 Rest of
the
World
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 
Lantus®
 684
 +5.3%
 2,134
 +7.4%
 508
 +18.2%
 184
 +25.2%
 
Apidra®
 68
 +21.8%
 62
 +11.1%
 35
 +37.5%
 12
 +150.0%
 
Amaryl®
 42
 -17.6%
 6
 -33.3%
 222
 +21.7%
 208
 +3.3%
 
Insuman®
 108
 -0.9%
 0
 
 25
 +19.0%
 0
 -100.0%
 
    Total Diabetes
 902
 +4.2%
 2,202
 +7.4%
 790
 +20.0%
 404
 +13.7%
 
Lovenox®
 782
 +7.3%
 1,439
 -22.7%
 499
 +6.9%
 86
 +19.4%
 
Plavix®
 641
 -53.9%
 213*
 -4.1%
 648
 +0.7%
 581
 +25.4%
 
Taxotere®
 709
 -10.6%
 786
 -8.0%
 394
 +1.4%
 233
 +2.5%
 
Aprovel®
 825
 -5.0%
 39*
 +457.1%
 358
 +8.3%
 105
 +67.3%
 
Eloxatin®
 46
 -42.9%
 172
 -76.4%
 150
 -9.8%
 59
 +4.0%
 
Multaq®
 39
 
 128
 
 2
 
 3
 
 
Jevtana®
 0
 
 82
 
 0
 
 0
 
 
Stilnox®/Ambien®/Ambien CR®/ Myslee®
 55
 -8.3%
 443
 -21.6%
 68
 +5.0%
 253
 +13.6%
 
Allegra®
 16
 -5.9%
 147
 -53.6%
 88
 +17.4%
 356
 -3.2%
 
Copaxone®
 482
 +9.1%
 0
 
 13
 -13.3%
 18
 +7.7%
 
Tritace®
 189
 -4.1%
 0
 
 191
 -2.6%
 30
 -41.9%
 
Depakine®
 148
 +2.1%
 0
 
 209
 +12.0%
 15
 +9.1%
 
Xatral®
 66
 -14.3%
 155
 +2.7%
 70
 0.0%
 5
 -50.0%
 
Actonel®
 104
 -23.5%
 0
 
 93
 -12.4%
 41
 +3.2%
 
Nasacort®
 28
 -3.4%
 130
 -20.3%
 26
 -10.7%
 5
  -20.0%
 
Consumer Health Care
 630
 +1.1%
 320
 
 1050
 +44.4%
 217
 +31.3%
 
Generics
 404
 +11.1%
 102
 
 988
 +42.8%
 40
 +61.9%
 
Others
 2,649
 -2.3%
 652
 +3.3%
 2,052
 +0.4%
 711
 -10.9%
 
Total Pharma
 8,715
 -8.5%
 7,010
 -7.5%
 7,689
 +11.9%
 3,162
 +6.9%
 
         *Sales of active ingredient to the American entity managed by BMS
 
        

 

Vaccines

 
Q4 2010 net sales (€ million)
 Western
Europe
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 United
States
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 Emerging
Markets
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 Rest of
the World
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 
Polio/Pertussis/Hib Vaccines
 11
 +10.0%
 128
 -16.3%
 95
 +11.1%
 31
 +125.0%
 
Influenza Vaccines*
 14
 -80.3%
 202
 -45.3%
 63
 -55.2%
 6
 -25.0%
 
Meningitis/Pneumonia Vaccines
 1
 -66.7%
 56
 -5.6%
 24
 +57.1%
 3
 -0.0%
 
Adult Booster Vaccines
 13
 +44.4%
 91
 +10.7%
 6
 +16.7%
 7
 -20.0%
 
Travel and Other Endemics Vaccines
 3
 -25.0%
 18
 +30.8%
 53
 +4.1%
 18
 +40.0%
 
Other Vaccines
 6
 0.0%
 35
 -6.1%
 2
 -40.0%
 4
 +100.0%
 
Total Vaccines
 48
 -53.9%
 530
 -26.2%
 243
 -19.4%
 69
 +45.0%
 
         *Seasonal and pandemic influenza Vaccines
 
        

 


 
2010 net sales (€ million)
 Western
Europe
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 United
States
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 Emerging
Markets
 Change at
constant

exchange rates
 Rest of
the World
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 
Polio/Pertussis/Hib Vaccines
 61
 -16.2%
 470
 -14.6%
 384
 +11.4%
 69
 +56.4%
 
Influenza Vaccines*
 128
 -7.9%
 528
 -20.2%
 618
 +116.4%
 23
 +5.6%
 
Meningitis/Pneumonia Vaccines
 5
 -54.5%
 407
 -11.4%
 101
 +25.6%
 14
 0.0%
 
Adult Booster Vaccines
 54
 -3.6%
 345
 +5.2%
 33
 +32.0%
 17
 -20.0%
 
Travel and Other Endemics Vaccines
 18
 +20.0%
 80
 +11.6%
 235
 +15.8%
 49
 +21.2%
 
Other Vaccines
 16
 -63.2%
 128
 -10.4%
 15
 0.0%
 10
 +22.2%
 
Total Vaccines
 282
 -15.6%
 1,958
 -11.5%
 1,386
 +46.2%
 182
 +23.0%
 
         *Seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccines
 
        


Appendix 3: Consolidated net sales by business segment

 
Millions of euros
 Q1 2010
 Q1 2009
 Q2 2010
 Q2 2009
 Q3 2010
 Q3 2009
 Q4 2010
 Q4 2009
 
Pharmaceuticals 
 6,441
 6,480
 7,035
 6,726
 6,595
 6,354
 6,505
 6,263
 
Vaccines
 944
 627
 748
 712
 1,226
 1,046
 890
 1,098
 
Total
 7,385
 7,107
 7,783
 7,438
 7,821
 7,400
 7,395
 7,361
 

 
        


Appendix 4: Net sales by Animal Health product

 
Millions of dollars
 Q4 2010
net sales
 Q4 2009
net sales
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 2010
net sales
 2009
net sales
 Change at
constant
exchange rates
 
Frontline® and other fipronil products
 152
 162
 -6.4%
 1,027
 996
 +2.4%
 
Vaccines
 240
 242
 +1.9%
 837
 794
 +5.5%
 
Avermectin
 103
 112
 -8.5%
 473
 475
 -2.8%
 
Other
 82
 77
 +10.6%
 298
 289
 +4.8%
 
Total
 577
 593
 -1.2%
 2,635
 2,554
 +2.6%
 

 
      

 

Appendix 5: Net sales of Growth Platforms

 
(millions of euros)
 Q4 2010
 Change at constant
exchange rates
 2010
 Change at constant
exchange rates
 
Emerging Markets(1/2)
 2,201
 +2.7%
 9,075
 +16.3%
 
Emerging Markets excluding Diabetes, Vaccines, CHC, and new products
 1,468
 +1.5%
 5,847
 +6.6%
 
Diabetes
 1,101
 +8.8%
 4,298
 +9.2%
 
Vaccines
 890
 -24.4%
 3,808
 +4.8%
 
Consumer Health Care (CHC)
 572
 +32.6%
 2,217
 +45,7%
 
New products(3)
 104
 -
 254
 -
 
Total Growth Platforms
 4,135
 +1.4%
 16,424
 +12.5%
 
    

 

 
    (1) World excluding the U.S. and Canada, Western Europe, Japan, Australia and New Zealand.

    (2) Include Diabetes, Vaccines and Consumer Health Care sales generated in Emerging Markets;

    (3) Multaq® and Jevtana®. Including Fluzone High Dose®  vaccine, new products accounted for €111 million in Q4 2010
 
 


Animal Health, which constitutes our sixth growth platform, reached sales (not consolidated) of $577 million (-1.2%) and $2,635 million (+2.6%) in the fourth quarter 2010 and in 2010, respectively.

Appendix 6: business net income statement

 

 
Fourth-quarter 2010
 Pharmaceuticals
 Vaccines
 Other
 Group Total
 
Millions of euros
 Q4 2010
 Q4 2009
 % change
 Q4 2010
 Q4 2009
 % change
 Q4 2010
 Q4 2009
 Q4 2010
 Q4 2009
 % change
 
Net sales
 6,505
 6,263
 +3.9%
 890
 1,098
 (18.9%)
 
 
 7,395
 7,361
 +0.5%
 
Other revenues
 408
 360
 +13.3%
 7
 8
 (12.5%)
 
 
 415
 368
 +12.8%
 
Cost of sales
 (1,942)
 (1,780)
 +9.1%
 (368)
 (445)
 (17.3%)
 
 
 (2,310)
 (2,225)
 +3.8%
 
As % of net sales
 (29.9%)
 (28.4%)
 
 (41.3%)
 (40.5%)
 
 
 
 (31.2%)
 (30.2%)
 
 
Gross profit
 4,971
 4,843
 +2.6%
 529
 661
 (20.0%)
 
 
 5,500
 5,504
 (0.1%)
 
As % of net sales
 76.4%
 77.3%
 
 59.4%
 60.2%
 
 
 
 74.4%
 74.8%
 
 
Research and development expenses
 (987)
 (1,075)
 (8.2%)
 (139)
 (139)
 
 
 
 (1,126)
 (1,214)
 (7.2%)
 
As % of net sales
 (15.2%)
 (17.2%)
 
 (15.6%)
 (12.7%)
 
 
 
 (15.2%)
 (16.5%)
 
 
Selling and general expenses
 (1,882)
 (1,825)
 +3.1%
 (175)
 (166)
 +5.4%
 
 
 (2,057)
 (1,991)
 +3.3%
 
As % of net sales
 (28.9%)
 (29.1%)
 
 (19.7%)
 (15.1%)
 
 
 
 (27.8%)
 (27.0%)
 
 
Other operating income/expenses
 (45)
 104
 
 6
 7
 
 (13)
 (92)
 (52)
 19
 
 
Share of profit/(loss) of associates*
 251
 190
 
 2
 7
 
 
 
 253
 197
 
 
Net income from the held-for-exchange Merial business
 
 
 
 
 
 
 52
 52
 52
 52
 
 
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests
 (55)
 (80)
 
 
 (1)
 
 
 
 (55)
 (81)
 
 
Business operating income
 2,253
 2,157
 +4.5%
 223
 369
 (39.6%)
 39
 (40)
 2,515
 2,486
 +1.2%
 
As % of net sales
 34.6%
 34.4%
 
 25.1%
 33.6%
 
 
 
 34.0%
 33.8%
 
 
Financial income and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (95)
 (117)
 
 
Income tax expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (582)
 (526)
 
 
Tax rate**
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 26.8%
 23.8%
 
 
Business net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 1,838
 1,843
 (0.3%)
 
As % of net sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 24.9%
 25.0%
 
 
Business earnings per share***

(in euros)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 1.41
 1.41
 
 

 
*    Net of tax

**  Determined on the basis of Business income before tax, associates, Merial and non-controlling interests

*** Based on an average number of shares outstanding of 1,304.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2010 and 1,307.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2009
 
           

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
Full-year 2010
 Pharmaceuticals
 Vaccines
 Other
 Group Total
 
Millions of euros
 FY 2010
 FY 2009
 % change
 FY 2010
 FY 2009
 % change
 FY 2010
 FY 2009
 FY 2010
 FY 2009
 % change
 
Net sales
 26,576
 25,823
 +2.9%
 3,808
 3,483
 +9.3%
 
 
 30,384
 29,306
 +3.7%
 
Other revenues
 1,623
 1,412
 +14.9%
 28
 31
 (9.7%)
 
 
 1,651
 1,443
 +14.4%
 
Cost of sales
 (7,316)
 (6,527)
 +12.1%
 (1,371)
 (1,326)
 +3.4%
 
 
 (8,687)
 (7,853)
 +10.6%
 
As % of net sales
 (27.5%)
 (25.3%)
 
 (36.0%)
 (38.1%)
 
 
 
 (28.6%)
 (26.8%)
 
 
Gross profit
 20,883
 20,708
 +0.8%
 2,465
 2,188
 +12.7%
 
 
 23,348
 22,896
 +2.0%
 
As % of net sales
 78.6%
 80.2%
 
 64.7%
 62.8%
 
 
 
 76.8%
 78.1%
 
 
Research and development expenses
 (3,884)
 (4,091)
 (5.1%)
 (517)
 (491)
 +5.3%
 
 (1)
 (4,401)
 (4,583)
 (4.0%)
 
As % of net sales
 (14.6%)
 (15.8%)
 
 (13.6%)
 (14.1%)
 
 
 
 (14.5%)
 (15.6%)
 
 
Selling and general expenses
 (6,962)
 (6,762)
 +3.0%
 (603)
 (561)
 +7.5%
 (2)
 (2)
 (7,567)
 (7,325)
 +3.3%
 
As % of net sales
 (26.2%)
 (26.2%)
 
 (15.8%)
 (16.1%)
 
 
 
 (24.9%)
 (25.0%)
 
 
Other operating income/expenses
 177
 387
 
 14
 (3)
 
 (108)
 1
 83
 385
 
 
Share of profit/(loss) of associates*
 1,009
 792
 
 19
 41
 
 8
 8
 1,036
 841
 
 
Net income from the held-for-exchange Merial business
 
 
 
 
 
 
 418
 241
 418
 241
 
 
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests
 (258)
 (426)
 
 1
 (1)
 
 
 
 (257)
 (427)
 
 
Business operating income
 10,965
 10,608
 +3.4%
 1,379
 1,173
 +17.6%
 316
 247
 12,660
 12,028
 +5.3%
 
As % of net sales
 41.3%
 41.1%
 
 36.2%
 33.7%
 
 
 
 41.7%
 41.0%
 
 
Financial income and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (362)
 (300)
 
 
Income tax expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (3,083)
 (3,099)
 
 
Tax rate**
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 27.8%
 28.0%
 
 
Business net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 9,215
 8,629
 +6.8%
 
As % of net sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 30.3%
 29.4%
 
 
Business earnings per share***

(in euros)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 7.06
 6.61
 +6.8%
 

 
*   Net of tax

**  Determined on the basis of Business income before tax, associates, Merial and non-controlling interests

*** Based on an average number of shares outstanding of 1,305.3 million in 2010 and 1,305.9 million in 2009

 
           


Appendix 7: Reconciliation of business net income to consolidated net income attributable to equity holders of sanofi-aventis

 
Millions of euros
 Q4 2010
 Q4 2009
 % change
 FY 2010
 FY 2009
 % change
 
Business net income
 1,838
 1,843
 (0.3%)
 9,215
 8,629
 +6.8%
 
Amortization of intangible assets(1)
 (848)
 (850)
 
 (3,529)
 (3,528)
 
 
Impairment of intangible assets
 (154)
 
 
 (433)
 (372)
 
 
Expenses arising from the impact of acquisitions on inventories
 (6)
 (8)
 
 (30)
 (27)
 
 
Restructuring costs
 (880)
 (131)
 
 (1,372)
 (1,080)
 
 
Disposals, litigation
 (138)
 
 
 (138)
 
 
 
Tax effect
 678
 283
 
 1,841
 1,629
 
 
on amortization of intangible assets
 286
 244
 
 1,181
 1,126
 
 
on impairment of intangible assets
 50
 2
 
 143
 136
 
 
on expenses arising from the impact of acquisitions on inventories
 1
 3
 
 9
 7
 
 
on restructuring costs
 295
 34
 
 462
 360
 
 
on disposals, litigation
 46
 
 
 46
 
 
 
Other tax items
 
 106
 
 
 106
 
 
Share of items listed above attributable to non-controlling interests
 1
 1
 
 3
 1
 
 
Expenses arising from the impact of the Merial acquisition
 (18)
 (29)
 
 (32)
 (66)
 
 
Restructuring costs and expenses arising from the impact of acquisitions on associates
 (36)
 (6)
 
 (58)
 (27)
 
 
Net income attributable to equity holders of sanofi-aventis
 437
 1,209
 (63.9%)
 5,467
 5,265
 + 3.8%
 
Consolidated earnings per share(2) (in euros)
 0.33
 0.93
 (64.5%)
 4.19
 4.03
 +4.0%
 

 
(1) Of which €(202) million in 2010 and €(53) million in the fourth quarter of 2010 linked to acquired intangible assets (licenses/products)

(2) Based on an average number of shares outstanding of 1,304.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2010 and 1,307.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2009, and on an average number of shares outstanding of 1,305.3 million in 2010 and 1,305.9 million in 2009

 
      


Appendix 8: Consolidated income statements

 
Millions of euros
 Q4 2010
 Q4 2009
 FY 2010
 FY 2009
 
Net sales
 7,395
 7,361
 30,384
 29,306
 
Other revenues
 415
 368
 1,651
 1,443
 
Cost of sales
 (2,316)
 (2,233)
 (8,717)
 (7,880)
 
Gross profit
 5,494
 5,496
 23,318
 22,869
 
Research and development expenses
 (1,126)
 (1,214)
 (4,401)
 (4,583)
 
Selling and general expenses
 (2,057)
 (1,991)
 (7,567)
 (7,325)
 
Other operating income/expenses
 (52)
 19
 83
 385
 
Amortization of intangibles
 (848)
 (850)
 (3,529)
 (3,528)
 
Impairment of intangibles
 (154)
 
 (433)
 (372)
 
Restructuring costs
 (880)
 (131)
 (1,372)
 (1,080)
 
Gains and losses on disposals, and litigation
 (138)
 
 (138)
 
 
Operating income
 239
 1,329
 5,961
 6,366
 
Financial expenses
 (138)
 (99)
 (467)
 (324)
 
Financial income
 43
 (18)
 105
 24
 
Income before tax and associates
 144
 1,212
 5,599
 6,066
 
Income tax expense
 96
 (137)
 (1,242)
 (1,364)
 
Share of profit/loss of associates
 217
 191
 978
 814
 
Net income excluding the held-for-exchange Merial business(1)
 457
 1,266
 5,335
 5,516
 
Net income from the held-for-exchange Merial business(1)
 34
 23
 386
 175
 
Net income
 491
 1,289
 5,721
 5,691
 
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests
 54
 80
 254
 426
 
Net income attributable to equity holders of sanofi-aventis
 437
 1,209
 5,467
 5,265
 
Earnings per share(2) (in euros)
 0.33
 0.93
 4.19
 4.03
 


(1)  Reported separately in accordance with IFRS 5 (Non-Current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations)

(2) Based on an average number of shares outstanding of 1,304.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2010 and 1,307.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2009, and on an average number of shares outstanding of 1,305.3 million in 2010 and 1,305.9 million in 2009

 
    


Appendix 9: Change in net debt

 
Millions of euros
 FY 2010
 FY 2009
 
Business net income
 9,215
 8,629
 
Net income from the held-for-exchange Merial business
 (418)
 (241)
 
Net dividends from the held-for-exchange Merial business
 497
 179
 
Depreciation, amortization and impairment of property, plant and equipment and intangibles
 1,003
 964
 
Net gain/loss on disposals of non-current assets, net of tax
 (111)
 (25)
 
Other items
 548
 668
 
Operating cash flow before changes in working capital (1)
 10,734
 10,174
 
Changes in working capital (1)
 (57)
 (1,283)
 
Acquisitions of property, plant and equipment and software
 (1,261)
 (1,460)
 
Free cash flow (1)
 9,416
 7,431
 
Acquisitions of intangibles, excluding software
 (312)
 (325)
 
Acquisitions of investments, including assumed debt
 (2,121)
 (6,334)
 
Restructuring costs paid
 (892)
 (376)
 
Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment, intangibles, and other non-current assets (net of tax)
 106
 85
 
Issuance of sanofi-aventis shares
 18
 142
 
Dividends paid to sanofi-aventis shareholders
 (3,131)
 (2,872)
 
Acquisition of treasury shares
 (321)
 
 
Disposals of treasury shares, net of tax
 57
 26
 
Other items
 (269)
 (103)
 
Change in net debt (2)
 2,551
 (2,326)
 


(1)  Excluding restructuring costs

(2)  Net debt does not include contingent considerations for business combinations or non-controlling  interests
 
  


Appendix 10: Simplified consolidated balance sheets 

 
ASSETS
€ million
 12/31/10
 12/31/09(1)
 LIABILITIES & EQUITY
€ million
 12/31/10
 12/31/09(1)
 
Property, plant and
equipment
 8,155
 7,830
 Equity attributable to
equity-holders of sanofi-
aventis
 53,097
 48,322
 
Intangible assets (including
goodwill)
 44,411
 43,480
 Equity attributable to
non-controlling
interests
 191
 258
 
Non-current financial
assets, investments in
associates, and deferred
tax assets
 5,619
 4,865
 Total equity
 53,288
 48,580
 

 
 
 Long-term debt
 6,695
 5,961
 

 
 
 Non-current liabilities related
to business combinations
and non-controlling interests
 388
 75
 
Non-current assets
 58,185
 56,175
 Provisions and other non-
current liabilities
 9,326
 8,236
 

 
 
 Deferred tax liabilities
 3,808
 4,933
 
Inventories, accounts
receivable and other
current assets
 13,578
 12,840
 Non-current liabilities
 20,217
 19,205
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 6,465
 4,692
 Accounts payable and
other current liabilities
 8,424
 8,023
 

 
 
 Current liabilities related to
business combinations
and non-controlling
interests
 98
 76
 

 
 
 Short-term debt and
current portion of long-
term debt
 1,565
 2,866
 
Current assets
 20,043
 17,532
 Current liabilities
 10,087
 10,965
 
Assets held for sale or
exchange
 7,036
 6,544
 Liabilities related to assets
held for sale or exchange
 1,672
 1,501
 
Total ASSETS
 85,264
 80,251
 Total LIABILITIES & EQUITY
 85,264
 80,251
 


(1)  Including effects of the measurement period adjustments on Merial's assets & liabilities in accordance with IFRS 3 (Business Combinations)
 
     


Appendix 11: Definitions of non-GAAP financial indicators

Net sales at constant exchange rates

When we refer to changes in our net sales "at constant exchange rates", this means that we exclude the effect of changes in exchange rates.

We eliminate the effect of exchange rates by recalculating net sales for the relevant period at the exchange rates used for the previous period.

Reconciliation of reported net sales to net sales at constant exchange rates for the fourth quarter of 2010 and 2010
 
(millions of euros)
 Q4 2010
 2010
 
Net sales
 7,395
 30,384
 
Effect of exchange rates
 (471)
 (1,319)
 
Net sales at constant exchange rates
 6,924
 29,065
 

  


Net sales on a constant structure basis

We eliminate the effect of changes in structure by restating prior-period net sales as follows:

  • by including sales from the acquired entity or product rights for a portion of the prior period equal to the portion of the current period during which we owned them, based on sales information we receive from the party from whom we make the acquisition;
  • similarly, by excluding sales in the relevant portion of the prior period when we have sold an entity or rights to a product;
  • for a change in consolidation method, by recalculating the prior period on the basis of the method used for the current period.

Worldwide presence of Plavix®/Iscover®, Avapro®/Aprovel®

When we refer to the "worldwide presence" of a product, we mean our consolidated net sales of that product, minus sales of the product to our alliance partners plus non-consolidated sales made through our alliances with Bristol-Myers Squibb on Plavix®/Iscover® (clopidogrel bisulfate) and Aprovel®/Avapro®/Karvea® (irbesartan), based on information provided to us by our alliance partner.

Business net income

Sanofi-aventis publishes a new key non-GAAP indicator in response to the application of IFRS 8. This indicator "business net income," replaces "adjusted net income excluding selected items."

Business net income is defined as Net income attributable to equity holders of Sanofi-aventis excluding:

  • amortization of intangible assets,
  • impairment of intangible assets,
  • other impacts associated with acquisitions (including impacts of acquisitions on associates),
  • restructuring costs *,
  • gains and losses on disposals of non-current assets *,
  • costs or provisions associated with litigation *,
  • tax effects related to the items listed above as well as effects of major tax disputes.

*Reported in the line items Restructuring costs and Gains and losses on disposals, and litigation, which are defined in Note B.20. to our consolidated financial statements

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