-- First BLA submission for an investigational reversal agent for a novel oral anticoagulant
-- Boehringer Ingelheim applying for Accelerated Approval pathway for idarucizumab
RIDGEFIELD, Conn., March 2, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. today announced it has submitted a biologics license application (BLA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), requesting an Accelerated Approval pathway, for the use of idarucizumab to reverse the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran, the active ingredient in Pradaxa® (dabigatran etexilate mesylate).
The new application includes phase I data in volunteers showing that idarucizumab provided immediate, complete and sustained reversal of the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran.
"The submission of this BLA just eight months after receiving Breakthrough Therapy Designation from the FDA provides further evidence of our commitment to delivering on patient and healthcare provider needs," said Sabine Luik, MD, senior vice president, Medicine & Regulatory Affairs, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. "We are once again leading the evolution and innovation of anticoagulation care, and the potential approval would enable us to provide physicians with a specifically targeted reversal agent for PRADAXA patients in rare emergency situations."
Boehringer Ingelheim is continuing to evaluate idarucizumab in RE-VERSE AD™, a phase III global study investigating idarucizumab in actual clinical settings. This is the only trial to examine patients being treated with PRADAXA who are in need of emergency intervention or experience an uncontrolled or life-threatening bleeding event.
"Boehringer Ingelheim has a rich history in contract manufacturing and supporting the development of biopharmaceutical products. The discovery and development of idarucizumab by our own scientists demonstrates our dedication to bringing forth innovative products to fulfill unmet medical needs and improve patient care," said Luik. "If idarucizumab is approved, PRADAXA would be the first and only novel oral anticoagulant with a specifically targeted reversal agent."
Idarucizumab is a humanized antibody fragment, or Fab, being investigated as a specific reversal agent for the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran. Pre-clinical studies indicate idarucizumab binds specifically to and inhibits dabigatran.
Phase I data in healthy volunteers demonstrated the potential of idarucizumab to achieve immediate, complete and sustained reversal of dabigatran-induced anticoagulation. In these placebo-controlled studies, idarucizumab did not cause any clinically relevant side effects. No pro-thrombotic effect was observed after the administration of idarucizumab and no return of anticoagulant activity of dabigatran was seen over time at adequate doses. Other phase I data in healthy volunteers show that idarucizumab restores wound-site formation of fibrin, the main component of a blood clot.
In June, the FDA granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation to idarucizumab.
About Pradaxa® (dabigatran etexilate mesylate) Capsules
Indications and Usage
Pradaxa®(dabigatran etexilate mesylate) capsules is indicated:
to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ABOUT PRADAXA
WARNING: (A) PREMATURE DISCONTINUATION OF PRADAXA INCREASES THE RISK OF THROMBOTIC EVENTS, (B) SPINAL/EPIDURAL HEMATOMA
(A) PREMATURE DISCONTINUATION OF PRADAXA INCREASES THE RISK OF THROMBOTIC EVENTS
Premature discontinuation of any oral anticoagulant, including PRADAXA, increases the risk of thrombotic events. If anticoagulation with PRADAXA is discontinued for a reason other than pathological bleeding or completion of a course of therapy, consider coverage with another anticoagulant
(B) SPINAL/EPIDURAL HEMATOMA
Epidural or spinal hematomas may occur in patients treated with PRADAXA who are receiving neuraxial anesthesia or undergoing spinal puncture. These hematomas may result in long-term or permanent paralysis. Consider these risks when scheduling patients for spinal procedures. Factors that can increase the risk of developing epidural or spinal hematomas in these patients include:
use of indwelling epidural catheters
concomitant use of other drugs that affect hemostasis, such as non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), platelet inhibitors, other anticoagulants
a history of traumatic or repeated epidural or spinal punctures
a history of spinal deformity or spinal surgery
optimal timing between the administration of PRADAXA and neuraxial procedures is not known
Monitor patients frequently for signs and symptoms of neurological impairment. If neurological compromise is noted, urgent treatment is necessary. Consider the benefits and risks before neuraxial intervention in patients who are or will be anticoagulated.
PRADAXA is contraindicated in patients with:
active pathological bleeding;
known serious hypersensitivity reaction (e.g., anaphylactic reaction or anaphylactic shock) to PRADAXA;
mechanical prosthetic heart valve
WARNINGS & PRECAUTIONS
Increased Risk of Thrombotic Events after Premature Discontinuation
Premature discontinuation of any oral anticoagulant, including PRADAXA, in the absence of adequate alternative anticoagulation increases the risk of thrombotic events. If PRADAXA is discontinued for a reason other than pathological bleeding or completion of a course of therapy, consider coverage with another anticoagulant.
Risk of Bleeding
PRADAXA increases the risk of bleeding and can cause significant and, sometimes, fatal bleeding. Promptly evaluate any signs or symptoms of blood loss (e.g., a drop in hemoglobin and/or hematocrit or hypotension). Discontinue PRADAXA in patients with active pathological bleeding.
Risk factors for bleeding include concomitant use of medications that increase the risk of bleeding (e.g., anti-platelet agents, heparin, fibrinolytic therapy, and chronic use of NSAIDs). PRADAXA's anticoagulant activity and half-life are increased in patients with renal impairment.
Reversal of Anticoagulant Effect: A specific reversal agent for dabigatran is not available. Hemodialysis can remove dabigatran; however clinical experience for hemodialysis as a treatment for bleeding is limited. Activated prothrombin complex concentrates, recombinant Factor VIIa, or concentrates of factors II, IX or X may be considered but their use has not been evaluated. Protamine sulfate and vitamin K are not expected to affect dabigatran anticoagulant activity. Consider administration of platelet concentrates where thrombocytopenia is present or long-acting antiplatelet drugs have been used.
Thromboembolic and Bleeding Events in Patients with Prosthetic Heart Valves
The use of PRADAXA is contraindicated in patients with mechanical prosthetic valves due to a higher risk for thromboembolic events, especially in the post-operative period, and an excess of major bleeding for PRADAXA vs. warfarin. Use of PRADAXA for the prophylaxis of thromboembolic events in patients with AFib in the setting of other forms of valvular heart disease, including bioprosthetic heart valve, has not been studied and is not recommended.
Effect of P-gp Inducers & Inhibitors on Dabigatran Exposure
Concomitant use of PRADAXA with P-gp inducers (e.g., rifampin) reduces exposure to dabigatran and should generally be avoided. P-gp inhibition and impaired renal function are major independent factors in increased exposure to dabigatran. Concomitant use of P-gp inhibitors in patients with renal impairment is expected to increase exposure of dabigatran compared to either factor alone.
Reduction of Risk of Stroke/Systemic Embolism in NVAF
For patients with moderate renal impairment (CrCl 30-50 mL/min), consider reducing the dose of PRADAXA to 75 mg twice daily when dronedarone or systemic ketoconazole is coadministered with PRADAXA.
For patients with severe renal impairment (CrCl 15-30 mL/min), avoid concomitant use of PRADAXA and P-gp inhibitors.
The most serious adverse reactions reported with PRADAXA were related to bleeding.
Most frequent adverse reactions leading to discontinuation of PRADAXA were bleeding & gastrointestinal (GI) events.
PRADAXA 150 mg resulted in higher rates of major and any GI bleeds compared to warfarin.
In patients >/=75 years of age, the risk of major bleeding may be greater with PRADAXA vs warfarin.
Patients on PRADAXA 150 mg had an increased incidence of GI adverse reactions. These were commonly dyspepsia (including abdominal pain upper, abdominal pain, abdominal discomfort, and epigastric discomfort) and gastritis-like symptoms (including GERD, esophagitis, erosive gastritis, gastric hemorrhage, hemorrhagic gastritis, hemorrhagic erosive gastritis, and GI ulcer).
Drug hypersensitivity reactions were reported in <0.1% of patients receiving PRADAXA.
Other Measures Evaluated
In NVAF patients, a higher rate of clinical MI was reported in patients who received PRADAXA (0.7/100 patient-years for 150 mg dose) than in those who received warfarin (0.6).
Please see full Prescribing Information, including boxed WARNING and Medication Guide.
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About Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., based in Ridgefield, CT, is the largest U.S. subsidiary of Boehringer Ingelheim Corporation (Ridgefield, CT) and a member of the Boehringer Ingelheim group of companies.
The Boehringer Ingelheim group is one of the world's 20 leading pharmaceutical companies. Headquartered in Ingelheim, Germany, it operates globally with 142 affiliates and more than 47,400 employees. Since it was founded in 1885, the family-owned company has been committed to researching, developing, manufacturing and marketing novel medications of high therapeutic value for human and veterinary medicine.
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Pradaxa® and PRADAXA with associated design® are registered trademarks of Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH and Co. KG and used under license.
* Idarucizumab is the proposed International Nonproprietary Name (pINN).
CONTACT: Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Lauren Murphy, Public Relations, Phone: 203-448-1982, Email: [email protected]