Merck Announces Third-Quarter 2015 Financial Results

Increased Non-GAAP EPS by 7 Percent to $0.96; GAAP EPS of $0.64
Raised 2015 Full-Year Non-GAAP EPS Target to a Range of $3.55 – $3.60 and GAAP EPS Target to a Range of $1.64 – $1.74
Worldwide Sales Were $10.1 Billion, a Decrease of 5 Percent; Excluding the Impact of Foreign Exchange, Acquisitions and Divestitures, Worldwide Sales Grew 4 Percent
Advanced KEYTRUDA Program
FDA Approved sBLA for the Treatment of Previously Treated Patients with Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Whose Tumors Express PD-L1
In KEYNOTE-010 Study KEYTRUDA Showed Superior Overall Survival Compared to Chemotherapy in Patients with Previously Treated Advanced NSCLC Whose Tumors Express PD-L1
Third-Quarter Sales Were Approximately $160 million

KENILWORTH, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Merck (NYSE:MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced financial results for the third quarter of 2015.

"Our solid results this quarter demonstrate that our focused strategy, which aims to drive future growth, as well as value for patients, society and shareholders, is working. The evolving market, economic and political dynamics of global health care increasingly underscore that the ability to provide high-value innovation is what will distinguish successful companies going forward," said Kenneth C. Frazier, chairman and chief executive officer, Merck.

Additional Executive Commentary

"Our late-stage pipeline and ongoing launches create both near- and longer-term opportunities to generate value through innovation aimed at addressing some of the world's biggest medical needs – cancer, antibiotic resistance, cardiometabolic disease, hepatitis C and Alzheimer's disease," said Frazier.

"Our broad, global and balanced portfolio of medicines and vaccines allows us to weather periodic volatility within a particular therapeutic area or region while consistently focusing on the best scientific and medical opportunities," continued Frazier.

"The Global Human Health business performed well in the third quarter with continued growth in our diabetes, hospital acute care and oncology franchises. We continue to be pleased with the progress of KEYTRUDA, which is a priority launch for the company," said Adam Schechter, president, Global Human Health, Merck.

"In the third quarter, Merck Research Laboratories achieved multiple milestones in our oncology and infectious disease clinical development programs, priority areas where we believe we can have the most beneficial impact on the lives of patients around the world," said Dr. Roger M. Perlmutter, president, Merck Research Laboratories. "In particular, the results from KEYNOTE-010, which we announced yesterday, provide unambiguous evidence of the favorable impact that our R&D efforts can have in the treatment of grievous illnesses."

"The third quarter was another demonstration of our strong execution. We remain committed to delivering a leveraged P&L. We have met and will exceed our annual target of $2.5 billion in net savings versus 2012 by the end of this year," said Robert Davis, chief financial officer, Merck.

Select Business Highlights

Worldwide sales were $10.1 billion for the third quarter of 2015, a decrease of 5 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014, including a 7 percent negative impact from foreign exchange and a 2 percent net unfavorable impact resulting from the divestiture of the Consumer Care business and select products, partially offset by the acquisition of Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Cubist).

The following table reflects sales of the company's top pharmaceutical products, as well as total sales of Animal Health and Consumer Care products.

Commercial and Pipeline Highlights

During the third quarter of 2015, the company continued to focus on advancing its pipeline and key therapeutic areas of diabetes, hospital acute care, oncology and vaccines and executing on key launches, including KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab), an anti-PD-1 therapy, for the treatment of advanced melanoma and metastatic NSCLC in patients whose disease has progressed after other therapies, and BELSOMRA (suvorexant) for the treatment of insomnia.

Merck significantly advanced the clinical development program for KEYTRUDA.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved KEYTRUDA for the treatment of patients with metastatic NSCLC whose tumors express PD-L1 as determined by an FDA-approved test and who have disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy across both squamous and non-squamous metastatic NSCLC.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) of the U.K. issued a draft recommendation for KEYTRUDA as a first-line treatment option for adults with advanced melanoma. Additionally, NICE issued its final guidance recommending KEYTRUDA for the treatment of advanced melanoma in patients whose disease has progressed after treatment with ipilimumab.
The FDA accepted for review a supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for KEYTRUDA for the first-line treatment of unresectable or metastatic melanoma. The FDA granted Priority Review with a PDUFA action date of Dec. 19, 2015.
Additionally, the FDA extended the PDUFA action date for a separate sBLA for KEYTRUDA for the treatment of patients with ipilimumab-refractory advanced melanoma to Dec. 24, 2015. The company submitted additional data that constitutes a major amendment, which will require additional time for review.
Topline results from KEYNOTE-010 indicated the pivotal study met its primary objective. KEYTRUDA showed superior overall survival compared to chemotherapy in patients with previously treated advanced NSCLC whose tumors express PD-L1. The company plans regulatory submissions based on these data to the FDA by the end of 2015 and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in early 2016.
Data were presented at the European Cancer Congress from the KEYNOTE-028 study, which included first-time presentations of findings investigating the use of KEYTRUDA in multiple tumor types.
More than 25 registration studies for KEYTRUDA have been announced or initiated in more than 10 tumor types. In total, the KEYTRUDA clinical development program encompasses more than 30 tumor types in more than 160 clinical trials, including more than 80 combinations of KEYTRUDA with other cancer treatments.
The company advanced its clinical development program for the treatment of diabetes.
The Japanese Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency approved omarigliptin, which will be known as MARIZEV in Japan, a once-weekly medicine that helps lower blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes. Japan is the first country where omarigliptin has been approved; the company plans to submit omarigliptin for regulatory approval in the United States by the end of 2015, and other worldwide regulatory submissions will follow.
At the 51st European Association for the Study of Diabetes Annual Meeting, pivotal Phase 3 data were presented demonstrating omarigliptin achieved its primary efficacy endpoint.
The company highlighted its commitment to addressing infectious diseases with 40 presentations of data at the joint meeting of the Interscience Conference of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, and International Congress of Chemotherapy and Infection.
Data were presented from the two pivotal Phase 3 clinical studies for bezlotoxumab, an investigational antitoxin for prevention of Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infection recurrence, which met their primary efficacy endpoints. The company plans to submit new drug applications for regulatory approval of bezlotoxumab in the United States, EU and Canada by the end of 2015.
Data were presented from a Phase 2 study of relebactam, an investigational beta-lactamase inhibitor with Qualified Infectious Disease Product and Fast Track designations from the FDA for use in combination therapy, which met its primary efficacy endpoint in patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections. The company has initiated pivotal Phase 3 studies in serious bacterial infections.
The company's clinical development program for elbasvir/grazoprevir, an investigational once-daily, single tablet combination therapy for the treatment of adult patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, advanced in the third quarter of 2015.
The FDA accepted the company's New Drug Application for Priority Review with a PDUFA action date of Jan. 28, 2016.
The EMA accepted the company's Marketing Authorization Application for review, which it will initiate under accelerated assessment timelines.
Pharmaceutical Revenue Performance

Third-quarter pharmaceutical sales declined 2 percent to $8.9 billion, including an 8 percent negative impact from foreign exchange. Excluding the impact of exchange, growth was driven by sales in the core therapeutic areas of hospital acute care, diabetes and oncology. Growth in hospital acute care was driven by the addition of the Cubist portfolio and sales growth of certain inline brands. The increase in diabetes reflects the timing of customer purchases in the United States and global demand growth. Growth in oncology reflects higher sales of KEYTRUDA, which were approximately $160 million for the quarter.

Third-quarter pharmaceutical sales reflect lower sales of REMICADE (infliximab), a treatment for inflammatory diseases, due to loss of exclusivity in the company's marketing territories in Europe, and NASONEX (mometasone furoate monohydrate), an inhaled nasal corticosteroid for the treatment of nasal allergy symptoms, due to supply constraints in the United States, as well as declines in the HCV portfolio of VICTRELIS (boceprevir) and PEGINTRON (peginterferon alfa-2b). In addition, pharmaceutical sales reflect declines in vaccines, primarily PNEUMOVAX 23 (pneumococcal vaccine polyvalent) driven by lower sales in the United States and PROQUAD (Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Varicella Vaccine Live) driven by the timing of sales activity related to the Pediatric Vaccine Stockpile of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. These declines were partially offset by higher U.S. sales in the franchise of GARDASIL 9 (Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant) and GARDASIL [Human Papillomavirus Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16, and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant], vaccines to prevent cancers and other diseases caused by HPV.

Animal Health Revenue Performance

Animal Health sales totaled $825 million for the third quarter of 2015, a decrease of 7 percent compared with the third quarter of 2014, including a 14 percent negative impact from foreign exchange. Excluding the impact of exchange, growth was driven by an increase in sales of companion animal products, primarily BRAVECTO (fluralaner), a chewable tablet that kills fleas and ticks in dogs for up to 12 weeks, and new aqua and swine products, including PORCILIS PCV M Hyo, a new swine vaccine.

Other Revenue Performance

Other revenues – primarily comprising alliance revenue, miscellaneous corporate revenues and third-party manufacturing sales – increased to $323 million in the third quarter of 2015.

Third-Quarter 2015 Expense and Other Information

The costs detailed below totaled $7.8 billion on a GAAP basis during the third quarter of 2015 and include $1.4 billion of acquisition- and divestiture-related costs and restructuring costs.

The gross margin was 62.7 percent for the third quarter of 2015 compared to 60.0 percent for the third quarter of 2014, reflecting 12.4 and 14.3 unfavorable percentage point impacts, respectively, from the acquisition- and divestiture-related costs and restructuring costs noted above. The increase in non-GAAP gross margin was driven by lower inventory write-offs and foreign exchange.

Marketing and administrative expenses, on a non-GAAP basis, were $2.4 billion in the third quarter of 2015, a decrease from $2.6 billion in the same period of 2014, which was primarily driven by the favorable impact of foreign exchange and the sale of the Consumer Care business.

Research and development (R&D) expenses, on a non-GAAP basis, were $1.6 billion in the third quarter of 2015, a 1 percent increase compared to the third quarter of 2014.

Other (income) expense, net, was $170 million of income in the third quarter of 2015 compared to $166 million of income in the third quarter of 2014. The third quarter of 2015 includes a gain of $250 million on the divestiture of certain migraine clinical development programs. In the third quarter of 2014, the company recorded a gain of $396 million on the divestiture of certain ophthalmic products in several international markets that was partially offset by a $93 million goodwill impairment charge related to the company's joint venture with Supera Farma Laboratorios S.A. in Brazil.

Financial Guidance

Merck has raised its full-year 2015 non-GAAP EPS range to be between $3.55 and $3.60, including a negative impact from foreign exchange. The range excludes acquisition- and divestiture-related costs, costs related to restructuring programs and certain other items. The company also has raised its full-year 2015 GAAP EPS range to be between $1.64 and $1.74.

At current exchange rates, the company now anticipates full-year 2015 revenues to be between $39.2 billion and $39.8 billion, including a negative impact from foreign exchange and approximately $1 billion of net lost sales from acquisitions and divestitures.

In addition, the company continues to expect full-year 2015 non-GAAP marketing and administrative expenses to be below 2014 levels and R&D expenses to be modestly above 2014 levels.

The company continues to anticipate its full-year 2015 non-GAAP tax rate will be in the range of 23 to 24 percent, not including a 2015 R&D tax credit.

A reconciliation of anticipated 2015 EPS, as reported in accordance with GAAP to non-GAAP EPS that excludes certain items, is provided in the table below.

Total Employees

As of Sept. 30, 2015, Merck had approximately 68,000 employees worldwide.

Earnings Conference Call

Investors, journalists and the general public may access a live audio webcast of the call today at 8:00 a.m. EDT on Merck's website at Institutional investors and analysts can participate in the call by dialing (706) 758-9927 or (877) 381-5782 and using ID code number 42222255. Members of the media are invited to monitor the call by dialing (706) 758-9928 or (800) 399-7917 and using ID code number 42222255. Journalists who wish to ask questions are requested to contact a member of Merck's Media Relations team at the conclusion of the call.

About Merck

Today's Merck is a global health care leader working to help the world be well. Merck is known as MSD outside the United States and Canada. Through our prescription medicines, vaccines, biologic therapies and animal health products, we work with customers and operate in more than 140 countries to deliver innovative health solutions. We also demonstrate our commitment to increasing access to health care through far-reaching policies, programs and partnerships. For more information, visit and connect with us on Twitter, Facebook and YouTube. You can also follow our Twitter conversation at $MRK.

Forward-Looking Statement of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., USA

This news release of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., USA (the "company") includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of the company's management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. There can be no guarantees with respect to pipeline products that the products will receive the necessary regulatory approvals or that they will prove to be commercially successful. If underlying assumptions prove inaccurate or risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results may differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements.

Risks and uncertainties include but are not limited to, general industry conditions and competition; general economic factors, including interest rate and currency exchange rate fluctuations; the impact of pharmaceutical industry regulation and health care legislation in the United States and internationally; global trends toward health care cost containment; technological advances, new products and patents attained by competitors; challenges inherent in new product development, including obtaining regulatory approval; the company's ability to accurately predict future market conditions; manufacturing difficulties or delays; financial instability of international economies and sovereign risk; dependence on the effectiveness of the company's patents and other protections for innovative products; and the exposure to litigation, including patent litigation, and/or regulatory actions.

The company undertakes no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Additional factors that could cause results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements can be found in the company's 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K and the company's other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) available at the SEC's Internet site (

1 Merck is providing certain 2015 and 2014 non-GAAP information that excludes certain items because of the nature of these items and the impact they have on the analysis of underlying business performance and trends. Management believes that providing this information enhances investors' understanding of the company's performance. This information should be considered in addition to, but not in lieu of, information prepared in accordance with GAAP. For a description of the items, see Table 2a, including the related footnotes, attached to this release.

2 Net income attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.

3 Represents the difference between calculated GAAP EPS and calculated non-GAAP EPS, which may be different than the amount calculated by dividing the impact of the excluded items by the weighted-average shares for the period.

4 Includes expenses for the amortization of intangible assets and purchase accounting adjustments to inventories recognized as a result of acquisitions, intangible asset impairment charges and expense or income related to changes in the fair value measurement of contingent consideration. Also includes integration, transaction and certain other costs related to business acquisitions and divestitures.

5 Includes the estimated tax impact on the reconciling items.

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