Merck Announces Third-Quarter 2010 Financial Results

WHITEHOUSE STATION, N.J., Oct 29, 2010 (BUSINESS WIRE) -- Merck & Co., Inc. /quotes/comstock/13*!mrk/quotes/nls/mrk (MRK 36.16, -0.45, -1.23%) today announced financial results for the third quarter of 2010. The company reported non-GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) earnings per share (EPS) for the third quarter of $0.85, which excludes purchase accounting adjustments, restructuring costs, merger-related expenses and a $950 million legal reserve. Third-quarter GAAP EPS was $0.11.

Worldwide sales for the third quarter of 2010 were $11.1 billion. Net income(1) for the third quarter was $342 million.

For the first nine months of 2010, worldwide sales were $33.9 billion and net income was $1.4 billion.

A reconciliation of EPS as reported in accordance with GAAP to EPS, excluding certain items, is provided in the table that follows. The third quarter and year-to-date 2009 results below reflect legacy Merck on a stand-alone basis.

                                                          Quarter Ended Sept. 30  Nine Months Ended Sept. 30
                                                          ----------------------- ---------------------------
                                                            2010        2009        2010          2009
--------------------------------------------------------  -------  -------------  --------  ----------------
GAAP EPS                                                   $ 0.11         $ 1.61    $ 0.44            $ 3.03
--------------------------------------------------------  -------  -------------  --------  ----------------
EPS impact of items*                                         0.74         (0.71)      2.10            (0.56)
--------------------------------------------------------  -------  -------------  --------  ----------------
Non-GAAP EPS that excludes certain items listed below(2)   $ 0.85         $ 0.90    $ 2.54            $ 2.47
--------------------------------------------------------  -------  -------------  --------  ----------------

 

* Amount calculated as follows (in millions except per share   Third-    Third-    Nine Months   Nine Months
                                                    amounts)   Quarter   Quarter      Ended         Ended
                                                                2010      2009    Sept.30,2010  Sept.30,2009
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ------------  ------------
Purchase accounting adjustments                               $ 1,540       $ --       $ 5,576          $ --
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ------------  ------------
Merger restructuring program                                      384         --         1,497            --
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ------------  ------------
Costs related to other restructuring programs                       3        117           135           484
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ------------  ------------
Merger-related costs                                               64        144           235           257
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ------------  ------------
Legal reserve                                                     950         --           950            --
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ------------  ------------
Gain on AstraZeneca's asset option exercise                        --         --         (443)            --
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ------------  ------------
Gain from sale of interest in Merial                               --    (2,763)            --       (2,763)
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ------------  ------------
Net decrease (increase) in income before taxes                  2,941    (2,502)         7,950       (2,022)
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ------------  ------------
Income tax (benefit) expense(3)                                 (638)        986       (1,383)           848
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ------------  ------------
Decrease (increase) in net income                             $ 2,303  $ (1,516)       $ 6,567     $ (1,174)
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ------------  ------------
EPS impact of items                                            $ 0.74   $ (0.71)        $ 2.10      $ (0.56)
------------------------------------------------------------  -------  ---------  ------------  ------------

 


"We are pleased with the third quarter as well as our overall execution during Merck's first year as a combined company following the merger," said Richard T. Clark, chairman and chief executive officer. "Our key products are performing well, and at the same time we are launching new products, advancing our robust R&D pipeline and achieving our important merger synergies. One year later, Merck is a much stronger, unified organization that is well-positioned for the future."

Select Business Highlights

New four-year data on odanacatib, the company's investigational treatment for osteoporosis in post-menopausal women, was presented last week at the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research annual meeting. Clinical and preclinical studies continue to provide data on the potential of odanacatib to increase bone density, cortical thickness and bone strength when treating osteoporosis. Also, full data results for two pivotal late-stage studies for boceprevir, for the treatment of hepatitis C, will be presented Nov. 1 and 2 at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease. Safety and efficacy data from the DEFINE study for anacetrapib for the treatment of atherosclerosis will be presented in a late-breaker presentation on Nov. 17, at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions. In the quarter, the company also launched three new medicines: the intravenous (IV) formulation of BRINAVESS (vernakalant) for the treatment of atrial fibrillation in adults in the European Union (EU), Iceland and Norway; DULERA (mometasone furoate and formoterol fumarate dihydrate) for the treatment of asthma in the United States; and DAXAS (roflumilast) for the treatment of symptomatic COPD in Canada and certain European markets, through a partnership. The company is making progress growing its business in emerging markets, with 18 percent of sales from human health pharmaceuticals and vaccines coming from these markets in the quarter. Merck continues to secure strategic research and development collaborations, including agreements this quarter with Alectos Therapeutics and NicOx, to develop targeting technologies for new compounds. In addition, the company signed an agreement to allow Lundbeck to distribute SYCREST (asenapine), Merck's treatment for bipolar disorder, in all markets outside the United States, China and Japan. Merck's subsidiary, Schering-Plough (Ireland) Company and Centocor Ortho Biotech Inc., a Johnson & Johnson subsidiary, have concluded the arbitration hearing regarding Remicade and Simponi, and will file post-hearing briefs and present arguments to the arbitration panel in late December. Merck anticipates a decision in 2011.

Third-Quarter Financial Results

The following supplemental combined third-quarter 2009 non-GAAP sales are adjusted to reflect a full quarter of legacy Merck and legacy Schering-Plough combined results. This supplemental information is provided to enhance investors' understanding of the company's products and overall business performance and should be considered in addition to, but not in lieu of, sales recorded in accordance with GAAP.

                     GAAP      GAAP     Adj.    Supp. Comb.
                     3Q10      3Q09     3Q09     Non-GAAP
                                                   3Q09
                   --------  -------  -------  -----------
Total Sales        $ 11,125  $ 6,050  $ 5,481     $ 11,531
-----------------  --------  -------  -------  -----------
Human Health(4)       9,660    5,676    4,425       10,101
-----------------  --------  -------  -------  -----------
Animal Health           687      ---      664          664
-----------------  --------  -------  -------  -----------
Consumer Care(4)        291      ---      283          283
-----------------  --------  -------  -------  -----------
Other Revenues(5)       487      374      109          483
-----------------  --------  -------  -------  -----------

 


The third quarter 2010 results discussed below reflect the performance of the combined company. The increases noted in quarterly comparisons are largely due to the inclusion of legacy Schering-Plough operations in 2010 results, but not in 2009 results.

Materials and production costs were $4.2 billion for the third quarter of 2010, compared to $1.4 billion for the third quarter of 2009. The third quarter of 2010 includes $1.4 billion of costs related to the amortization of intangible assets and purchase accounting adjustments to inventories as a result of the merger. The third quarters of 2010 and 2009 include $44 million and $27 million, respectively, for costs associated with restructuring programs. The gross margin was 62.3 percent for the third quarter of 2010, reflecting a 12.6 percentage point unfavorable impact from the purchase accounting adjustments and restructuring costs noted above.

Marketing and administrative expenses were $3.2 billion for the third quarter of 2010, which include $130 million of restructuring costs and $64 million of merger-related costs. Marketing and administrative costs were $1.7 billion for the third quarter of 2009. Costs for the third quarter of 2009 include $56 million of merger-related expenses.

Research and development expenses were $2.3 billion for the third quarter of 2010, which include $189 million for in-process research and development impairments and $163 million for restructuring activities. Expenses for 2009 were $1.3 billion for the quarter, which include $48 million of costs for restructuring activities.

Restructuring costs, primarily related to employee separations, were $50 million for the third quarter of 2010 compared with $42 million for the third quarter of 2009.

Total overall costs associated with the company's global restructuring programs included in materials and production, marketing and administrative, research and development, and restructuring costs were $387 million and $117 million for the third quarters of 2010 and 2009, respectively, primarily comprised of employee separation costs and accelerated depreciation.

Equity income from affiliates was $236 million in the third quarter of 2010. Equity income from affiliates no longer reflects any contribution from the Merck/Schering-Plough partnership or from Merial Limited.

Other (income) expense was $1.1 billion of expense in the third quarter of 2010, which includes the unfavorable impact of a $950 million legal reserve, compared with $2.8 billion of income in the third quarter of 2009, which included the gain on the sale of Merck's interest in Merial Limited. The company has established the legal reserve in connection with an anticipated resolution of the previously disclosed investigation by the U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Massachusetts related to VIOXX. Merck's discussions with the government are ongoing. Until they are concluded, there can be no certainty about a definitive resolution.

The GAAP effective tax rate of 25.3 percent for the third quarter of 2010 reflects the impact of the legal reserve referred to above, restructuring costs and purchase accounting adjustments. It also includes a $380 million tax benefit from changes in a foreign entity's tax rate that became effective in the third quarter, resulting in a reduction in deferred tax liabilities on product intangibles recorded in conjunction with the merger. The non-GAAP effective tax rate, which excludes all these items, was 22.2 percent for the quarter.

Financial Targets

For 2010, Merck raised the lower end of the non-GAAP EPS range and is now targeting a range of $3.31 to $3.39, excluding certain items, and a 2010 GAAP EPS range of $0.66 to $0.97. The 2010 non-GAAP range excludes purchase accounting adjustments, restructuring and merger-related costs, the first-quarter tax charge related to U.S. health care reform legislation, the second-quarter gain on AstraZeneca's asset option exercise, and the third-quarter $950 million legal reserve. EPS and other financial targets for 2010 assume that Merck will retain full rights to REMICADE and SIMPONI in the applicable markets.

A reconciliation of anticipated 2010 EPS as reported in accordance with GAAP to non-GAAP EPS that excludes certain items is provided in the table that follows:

                                                         Full-Year 2010
                                                        ----------------
GAAP EPS
                                                          $0.66 to $0.97
-----------------------------------------------------   ----------------
EPS impact of items*
                                                          $2.65 to $2.42
-----------------------------------------------------   ----------------
Non-GAAP EPS that excludes certain items listed below
                                                          $3.31 to $3.39
-----------------------------------------------------   ----------------

 

* Amount calculated as follows (in millions except per share    Full-Year 2010
                                                    amounts)
------------------------------------------------------------  ------------------
Purchase accounting adjustments                                 $7,000 to $6,500
------------------------------------------------------------  ------------------
Costs related to restructuring programs                           2,000 to 1,700
------------------------------------------------------------  ------------------
Merger-related costs                                                  350 to 250
------------------------------------------------------------  ------------------
Legal reserve                                                                950
------------------------------------------------------------  ------------------
Gain on AstraZeneca's asset option exercise                                (443)
------------------------------------------------------------  ------------------
Net decrease (increase) in income before taxes                    9,857 to 8,957
------------------------------------------------------------  ------------------
Income tax (benefit) expense(6)                               (1,593) to (1,423)
------------------------------------------------------------  ------------------
Decrease (increase) in net income                               $8,264 to $7,534
------------------------------------------------------------  ------------------
EPS impact of items                                               $2.65 to $2.42
------------------------------------------------------------  ------------------

 


Merck said it expects full-year 2010 revenue to be between $45.4 billion and $46.1 billion, including the impact of U.S. health care reform legislation. For the full year 2010, the increased Medicaid rebates (including Managed Medicaid) and other impacts are expected to reduce revenue by approximately $170 million, which includes a third-quarter 2010 impact of approximately $43 million and $120 million for the first nine months of 2010.

Non-GAAP research and development expense, which excludes joint ventures, is anticipated to be approximately $8.2 billion to $8.6 billion for the full year of 2010. This target excludes the portion of the restructuring costs and any in-process R&D impairment charges included in research and development expense for 2010.

Merck continues to estimate that its consolidated non-GAAP 2010 tax rate will be approximately 22 percent to 24 percent.

Merck continues to target a high single-digit non-GAAP EPS compound annual growth rate for the combined company from 2009 to 2013 when compared to Merck's 2009 non-GAAP EPS. As the company has previously said, the longer-term target is applicable regardless of the assumptions made for the REMICADE and SIMPONI business.

Product Performance -- Human Health

The sales figures discussed below for legacy Schering-Plough products are reported on a GAAP basis, which represents sales for the third quarter of 2010 only.

Bone, Respiratory, Immunology and Dermatology

Worldwide sales of SINGULAIR (montelukast sodium), a once-a-day oral medicine indicated for the chronic treatment of asthma and the relief of symptoms of allergic rhinitis, were $1.2 billion for the third quarter of 2010, an increase of 12 percent compared with the third quarter of 2009.

Global sales of NASONEX (mometasone furoate monohydrate), nasal spray, an inhaled nasal corticosteroid for the treatment of nasal allergy symptoms, were $259 million for the third quarter of 2010.

Sales of REMICADE (infliximab) were $661 million for the third quarter of 2010. REMICADE is a treatment for inflammatory diseases which is marketed by Merck in countries outside the United States (except in Japan and certain other Asian markets). In addition, SIMPONI (golimumab), a once-monthly, subcutaneous treatment for certain inflammatory diseases, has been launched in 18 countries, and launches in other international markets are planned.

Cardiovascular

Global sales of ZETIA (ezetimibe) and VYTORIN (ezetimibe/simvastatin) were $571 million and $485 million, respectively, for the third quarter of 2010. Combined global sales of ZETIA and VYTORIN were $1.1 billion for the third quarter of 2010.

Diabetes and Obesity

JANUVIA (sitagliptin), Merck's DPP-4 inhibitor for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, recorded worldwide sales of $600 million during the third quarter of 2010, representing a 22 percent increase compared with the same quarter in 2009. JANUMET (sitagliptin/metformin hydrochloride), a single tablet that targets all three key defects of type 2 diabetes, achieved worldwide sales of $247 million during the quarter, an increase of 43 percent compared with the third quarter 2009. The JANUVIA/JANUMET combined franchise had sales of $847 million during the third quarter of 2010, an increase of 28 percent compared to the same quarter in 2009.

Infectious Disease

ISENTRESS (raltegravir), an HIV integrase inhibitor for use in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV-1 infection, reported worldwide sales of $278 million for the third quarter of 2010, an increase of 41 percent compared with the third quarter of 2009.

Worldwide sales of PEGINTRON (peginterferon alfa-2b) for chronic hepatitis C were $168 million for the third quarter of 2010.

Diversified Brands

Merck's diversified brands are human health pharmaceutical products that are approaching the expiration of their marketing exclusivity or are no longer protected by patents in developed markets, but continue to be a core part of the company's offering in other markets around the world.

Global sales of Merck's antihypertensive medicines, COZAAR (losartan potassium) and HYZAAR(7) (losartan potassium and hydrochlorothiazide), were $423 million for the third quarter of 2010, representing a 51 percent decrease compared with the third quarter of 2009. The company continues to experience a decline in COZAAR/HYZAAR sales since these medicines have lost marketing exclusivity in the United States and in major European markets.

Neuroscience and Ophthalmology

Global sales of MAXALT (rizatriptan benzoate), Merck's tablet for the treatment of acute migraine, were $133 million for the third quarter of 2010, an 8 percent decrease from the same quarter last year.

Oncology

Sales of TEMODAR (temozolomide), a treatment for certain types of brain tumors, were $254 million for the third quarter of 2010.

Sales of CAELYX (pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride) for the treatment of ovarian cancer, metastatic breast cancer and Kaposi's sarcoma, were $70 million for the third quarter of 2010. As previously disclosed, marketing rights for CAELYX will transition to Johnson & Johnson as of Dec. 31, 2010.

Vaccines(8)

Total sales as recorded by Merck of its cervical cancer vaccine, GARDASIL (human papillomavirus (HPV) quadrivalent (types 6, 11, 16, 18) vaccine, recombinant), were $316 million for the third quarter of 2010, a 2 percent increase from the same quarter in 2009. Sales, in part, benefited from the timing of certain public sector sales.

Worldwide sales of Merck's other viral vaccines, which include VARIVAX (varicella virus vaccine live), M-M-R II (measles, mumps and rubella virus vaccine live) and PROQUAD (measles, mumps, rubella and varicella virus vaccine live), as recorded by Merck, were $434 million for the third quarter of 2010, a decrease of 6 percent compared with the same period a year earlier.

ZOSTAVAX (zoster vaccine live), the company's vaccine to help prevent shingles (herpes zoster), recorded sales of $23 million for the third quarter of 2010 compared with $84 million for the third quarter of 2009. Sales during the quarter were limited by continuing supply constraints.

Women's Health and Endocrine

Global sales of NUVARING (etonogestrel/ethinyl estradiol vaginal ring), a contraceptive product, were $134 million for the third quarter of 2010.

Sales of FOLLISTIM/PUREGON (follitropin beta injection), a fertility treatment, were $119 million for the third quarter of 2010.

Product Performance -- Animal Health

Animal Health sales totaled $687 million for the third quarter of 2010, reflecting continued solid performance among poultry, swine and aquatic products. Animal Health includes pharmaceutical and vaccine products for the prevention, treatment and control of disease in all major farm and companion animal species. Merck's Animal Health business is subject to a proposed joint venture with sanofi-aventis which the company expects to close in the first quarter of 2011.

Product Performance -- Consumer Care

Consumer Care sales were $291 million for the third quarter of 2010, which reflect continued strong performance of a number of key brands including DR. SCHOLL's, CLARITIN and COPPERTONE. Consumer Care includes footcare and suncare consumer products, and a variety of over-the-counter medicines.

Total Employees

As of Sept. 30, Merck had approximately 93,000 employees worldwide.

Explanatory Note

Supplemental combined non-GAAP sales are provided in the attached schedules at the end of this news release to reflect the revenues of the company's product sales on a comparable basis to periods prior to the merger. Merck has defined supplemental combined non-GAAP sales as GAAP sales adjusted to reflect a full quarter of Merck and Schering-Plough performance as if the merger closed at the beginning of the periods indicated in the applicable table. This supplemental information is provided to enhance investors' understanding of the company's products and overall business performance. This information should be considered in addition to, but not in lieu of, sales recorded in accordance with GAAP. Supplemental combined non-GAAP sales are available in Tables 3 and 3a as part of this news release, and additional information is included in the 8-K filing today.

Earnings Conference Call

Investors are invited to a live audio webcast of Merck's third-quarter earnings conference call today at 8:00 a.m. EDT by visiting Merck's Web site, www.merck.com/investors/events-and-presentations/home.html. Institutional investors and analysts can participate in the call by dialing (706) 758-9927 or (877) 381-5782. Journalists are invited to listen in on the call by dialing (706) 758-9928 or (800) 399-7917. A replay of the webcast will be available starting at 11 a.m. EDT today through 5 p.m. EDT on Nov. 6. To listen to the replay, dial (706) 645-9291 or (800) 642-1687 and enter ID No. 11269659.

About Merck

Today's Merck is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. Merck is known as MSD outside the United States and Canada. Through our prescription medicines, vaccines, biologic therapies, and consumer care and animal health products, we work with customers and operate in more than 140 countries to deliver innovative health solutions. We also demonstrate our commitment to increasing access to healthcare through far-reaching policies, programs and partnerships that donate and deliver our products to the people who need them. For more information, visit www.merck.com.

Forward-Looking Statement

This news release includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements may include, but are not limited to, statements about the benefits of the merger between Merck and Schering-Plough, including future financial and operating results, the combined company's plans, objectives, expectations and intentions and other statements that are not historical facts. Such statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of Merck's management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ from those set forth in the forward-looking statements.

The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ from those set forth in the forward-looking statements: the possibility that the expected synergies from the merger of Merck and Schering-Plough will not be realized, or will not be realized within the expected time period; the impact of pharmaceutical industry regulation and health care legislation; the risk that the businesses will not be integrated successfully; disruption from the merger making it more difficult to maintain business and operational relationships; Merck's ability to accurately predict future market conditions; dependence on the effectiveness of Merck's patents and other protections for innovative products; the risk of new and changing regulation and health policies in the U.S. and internationally and the exposure to litigation and/or regulatory actions.

Merck undertakes no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Additional factors that could cause results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements can be found in Merck's 2009 Annual Report on Form 10-K and the company's other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) available at the SEC's Internet site (www.sec.gov).

(1) Net income attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.

(2)Merck is providing information on 2010 and 2009 non-GAAP earnings per share that excludes certain items because of the nature of these items and the impact they have on the analysis of underlying business performance and trends. Management believes that providing this information enhances investors' understanding of the company's performance. This information should be considered in addition to, but not in lieu of, earnings per share prepared in accordance with GAAP. For a description of the items, see Tables 2a and 2b, including the related footnotes, attached to this release.

(3)Includes an estimated income tax (benefit) expense on the reconciling items. In addition, amounts for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2010 include a $380 million tax benefit from changes in a foreign entity's tax rate, which resulted in a reduction in deferred tax liabilities on product intangibles recorded in conjunction with the merger. The amount for the nine months ended September 30, 2010 also reflects a $147 million tax charge related to U.S. health care reform legislation.

(4)Human Health includes worldwide prescription pharmaceutical sales and consumer product sales excluding the U.S. and Canada. Consumer Care includes U.S. and Canada consumer product sales.

(5)Other revenues are primarily comprised of alliance revenue, miscellaneous corporate revenues and third party manufacturing sales. Revenue from AstraZeneca LP recorded by Merck was $345 million in the third quarter of 2010.

(6)Represents an estimated income tax (benefit) expense on the reconciling items, as well as a $380 million tax benefit from changes in foreign entity's tax rate and a $147 million tax charge related to U.S. health care reform.

(7) COZAAR and HYZAAR are registered trademarks of E.I. duPont de Nemours and Company, Wilmington, Del.

(8) Vaccines in most major European markets are sold through the company's joint venture, Sanofi Pasteur MSD, and the results from the company's interest in the joint venture are recorded in equity income from affiliates.

                                                       MERCK&CO., INC.
                                          CONSOLIDATEDSTATEMENTOFOPERATIONS - GAAP
                                         (AMOUNTSINMILLIONS, EXCEPTPERSHAREFIGURES)
                                                         (UNAUDITED)
                                                           TABLE1
                                                                    GAAP                             GAAP
                                                           ----------------------           -----------------------
                                                              3Q10        3Q09    % Change   YTD 2010    YTD 2009   % Change
                                                           ----------  ---------  --------  ----------  ----------  --------
Sales                                                      $ 11,124.9  $ 6,049.7     84%    $ 33,893.3  $ 17,334.8     96%
Costs, Expenses and Other
    Materials and production (1)                              4,191.4    1,430.3      *       13,955.9     4,118.0      *
    Marketing and administrative (2)                          3,217.9    1,725.5     86%       9,666.8     5,088.0     90%
    Research and development (3)                              2,296.4    1,254.0     83%       6,474.0     3,873.5     67%
    Restructuring costs (4)                                      49.6       42.4     17%         863.6       144.1      *
    Equity income from affiliates (5)                         (236.4)    (688.2)    -66%       (416.8)   (1,861.2)    -78%
    Other (income) expense, net (6)                           1,108.3  (2,791.1)      *          995.6   (2,854.7)      *
Income Before Taxes                                             497.7    5,076.8    -90%       2,354.2     8,827.1    -73%
Taxes on Income                                                 126.0    1,621.5                 872.2     2,327.7
Net Income                                                      371.7    3,455.3    -89%       1,482.0     6,499.4    -77%
Less: Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests        30.1       31.0                  89.3        93.8
Net Income Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.                  $ 341.6  $ 3,424.3    -90%     $ 1,392.7   $ 6,405.6    -78%
Earnings per Common Share Assuming Dilution (7)                $ 0.11     $ 1.61    -93%        $ 0.44      $ 3.03    -85%
Average Shares Outstanding Assuming Dilution                  3,101.6    2,113.7               3,123.3     2,110.6
Tax Rate (8)                                                    25.3%      31.9%                 37.1%       26.4%
                                                           ----------  ---------            ----------  ----------
*greater-than or equal to  100%
(1) The third quarter and first nine months of 2010 includes $1.4 billion and $5.4 billion, respectively, of expenses for the amortization of intangible assets and the amortization of purchase accounting adjustments to inventories recognized as a result of the merger. Also includes restructuring costs of $44 million and $27 million in the third quarter of 2010 and 2009, respectively, and $325 million and $96 million for the first nine months of 2010 and 2009, respectively, primarily related to accelerated depreciation.
(2) The third quarter and the first nine months of 2010 includes restructuring costs of $130 million primarily related to accelerated depreciation. Also reflects merger-related costs of $64 million and $56 million in the third quarter of 2010 and 2009, respectively, and $218 million and $106 million in the first nine months of 2010 and 2009, respectively.
(3) Includes restructuring costs of $163 million and $48 million in the third quarter of 2010 and 2009, respectively, and $313 million and $244 million in the first nine months of 2010 and 2009, respectively, primarily related to accelerated depreciation. In addition, expenses for the third quarter and the first nine months of 2010 include $189 million and $216 million, respectively, of in-process research and development ("IPR&D") impairment charges.
(4) Represents separation and other related costs associated with restructuring activities.
(5) In 2010, equity income from affiliates no longer reflects any contribution from the Merck/Schering-Plough partnership, which is now wholly-owned by the company as a result of the merger, or from Merial Limited due to the sale of Merck's interest in 2009.
(6) The change in other (income) expense, net in the third quarter of 2010 is primarily due to a $2.8 billion gain recognized on the disposition of Merck's interest in Merial Limited in 2009, a $950 million legal reserve recorded in 2010, as well as lower realized gains on the company's investment portfolio in 2010. Other (income) expense, net reflects merger-related costs of $88 million in the third quarter of 2009.
The change in other (income) expense, net for the first nine months of 2010 is primarily the result of a $2.8 billion gain on the disposition of Merck's interest in Merial Limited recognized in 2009. In addition, during the first nine months of 2010, the company recognized a $950 million legal reserve, higher interest expense and lower interest income largely attributable to the financing of the merger, lower realized gains on the company's investment portfolio and higher exchange losses due to the Venezuelan currency devaluation. Partially offsetting these items was $443 million of income recognized upon AstraZeneca's asset option exercise and income on the settlement of certain disputed royalties recorded in 2010. Other (income) expense, net reflects merger-related costs of $17 million and $151 million in the first nine months of 2010 and 2009, respectively.
(7) The company calculates earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method which requires the allocation of net income between common shareholders and participating security holders. Net income attributable to Merck & Co., Inc. common shareholders used to calculate earnings per common share assuming dilution was $340.4 million and $3,412.6 million for the third quarter of 2010 and 2009, respectively, and was $1,387.4 million and $6,385.4 million for the first nine months of 2010 and 2009, respectively.
(8) The effective tax rate of 25.3% for the third quarter of 2010 reflects the net unfavorable impact of approximately 3 percentage points resulting from the legal reserve, restructuring costs and purchase accounting adjustments, partially offset by a $380 million tax benefit from changes in a foreign entity's tax rate that became effective in the third quarter, resulting in a reduction in deferred tax liabilities on product intangibles recorded in conjunction with the merger.The effective tax rate of 37.1% for the first nine months of 2010 reflects the net unfavorable impact of approximately 15 percentage points resulting from purchase accounting charges, the impact of a $146.5 million charge associated with a change in tax law that requires taxation of the prescription drug subsidy of the company's retiree health benefit plans which was enacted in the first quarter of 2010 as part of U.S. health care reform legislation, as well as by the impact of AstraZeneca's asset option exercise, restructuring charges and a legal reserve, partially offset by the favorable impact of the $380 million tax benefit noted above. The effective tax rate of 31.9% for the third quarter of 2009 reflects a net unfavorable rate impact of approximately 5 percentage points reflecting the unfavorable rate impact of the gain on the sale of Merck's interest in Merial, partially offset by the favorable impact of the closing of a tax exam. The effective tax rate of 26.4% for the first nine months of 2009 reflects a net unfavorable rate impact of approximately 1 percentage point reflecting the unfavorable impact of the gain on the sale of Merck's interest in Merial, partially offset by the favorable impact of 2009 tax settlements, including the settlement reached with the Canada Revenue Agency in the first quarter of 2009, as well as the closing of a tax exam.

 

                                                                                                MERCK & CO., INC.
                                                                                        CONSOLIDATEDSTATEMENTOFOPERATIONS
                                                                                          GAAPTONON-GAAP RECONCILIATION
                                                                                                THIRDQUARTER2010
                                                                                   (AMOUNTSINMILLIONS, EXCEPT PERSHAREFIGURES)
                                                                                                   (UNAUDITED)
                                                                                                    Table 2a
                                                              GAAP      Purchase Accounting  Restructuring Costs (2) Merger-Related Costs (3)   CertainOther Items(4)  Adjustment Subtotal       Non-GAAP
                                                                                (1)
                                                           ----------                                                                                                                           ----------
Sales                                                      $ 11,124.9                                                                                                                 $ -       $ 11,124.9
Materials and production                                      4,191.4              1,350.8                     44.4                                                               1,395.2          2,796.2
Marketing and administrative                                  3,217.9                                         130.5                      63.7                                       194.2          3,023.7
Research and development                                      2,296.4                189.5                    162.8                                                                 352.3          1,944.1
Restructuring costs                                              49.6                                          49.6                                                                  49.6                -
Equity income from affiliates                                 (236.4)                                                                                                                   -          (236.4)
Other (income) expense, net                                   1,108.3                                                                                          950.0                950.0            158.3
Income Before Taxes                                             497.7            (1,540.3)                  (387.3)                    (63.7)                (950.0)            (2,941.3)          3,439.0
Taxes on Income                                                 126.0                                                                                                             (638.3)  (5)       764.3
Net Income                                                      371.7                                                                                                           (2,303.0)          2,674.7
Less: Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests        30.1                                                                                                                   -             30.1
Net Income Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.                  $ 341.6                                                                                                         $ (2,303.0)        $ 2,644.6
Earnings per Common Share Assuming Dilution                    $ 0.11                                                                                                            $ (0.74)           $ 0.85  (6)
                                                           ----------                                                                                                                           ----------
Average Shares Outstanding Assuming Dilution                  3,101.6                                                                                                                              3,101.6
Tax Rate                                                        25.3%                                                                                                                                22.2%
                                                           ----------                                                                                                                           ----------
Merck is providing non-GAAP information that excludes certain items because of the nature of these items and the impact they have on the analysis of underlying business performance and trends. Management believes that providing this information enhances investors' understanding of the company's performance. This information should be considered in addition to, but not in lieu of, information prepared in accordance with GAAP.
(1) Amounts included in materials and production costs reflect expenses for the amortization of intangible assets and the amortization of purchase accounting adjustments to inventories recognized as a result of the merger. Amounts included in research and development expense represent in-process research and development ("IPR&D") impairment charges.
(2) Amounts primarily include employee separation costs and accelerated depreciation associated with facilities to be sold or closed.
(3) Merger-related costs include transaction and integration costs associated with the merger.
(4) Included in other (income) expense, net is a $950 million legal reserve.
(5) Includes a $380 million tax benefit from changes in a foreign entity's tax rate, as well as the estimated tax impact on the reconciling items.
(6) The company calculates earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method which requires the allocation of net income between common shareholders and participating security holders. Net income attributable to Merck & Co., Inc. common shareholders used to calculate non-GAAP earnings per common share assuming dilution was $2,634.5 million for the third quarter of 2010.

 

                                                                                              MERCK&CO., INC.
                                                                                     CONSOLIDATEDSTATEMENTOFOPERATIONS
                                                                                       GAAPTONON-GAAPRECONCILIATION
                                                                                     NINEMONTHSENDEDSEPTEMBER30, 2010
                                                                                (AMOUNTSINMILLIONS, EXCEPTPERSHAREFIGURES)
                                                                                                (UNAUDITED)
                                                                                                 Table 2b
                                                              GAAP      Purchase Accounting (1)  Restructuring Costs (2) Merger-Related Costs (3)  CertainOther   Adjustment Subtotal       Non-GAAP
                                                                                                                                                     Items(4)
                                                           ----------                                                                                                                      ----------
Sales                                                      $ 33,893.3                                                                                                            $ -       $ 33,893.3
Materials and production                                     13,955.9                  5,360.0                    325.5                                                      5,685.5          8,270.4
Marketing and administrative                                  9,666.8                                             130.5                     218.0                              348.5          9,318.3
Research and development                                      6,474.0                    216.2                    312.7                                                        528.9          5,945.1
Restructuring costs                                             863.6                                             863.6                                                        863.6                -
Equity income from affiliates                                 (416.8)                                                                                                              -          (416.8)
Other (income) expense, net                                     995.6                                                                        17.1         507.0                524.1            471.5
Income Before Taxes                                           2,354.2                (5,576.2)                (1,632.3)                   (235.1)       (507.0)            (7,950.6)         10,304.8
Taxes on Income                                                 872.2                                                                                                      (1,383.7)  (5)     2,255.9
Net Income                                                    1,482.0                                                                                                      (6,566.9)          8,048.9
Less: Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests        89.3                                                                                                              -             89.3
Net Income Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.                $ 1,392.7                                                                                                    $ (6,566.9)        $ 7,959.6
Earnings per Common Share Assuming Dilution                    $ 0.44                                                                                                       $ (2.10)           $ 2.54  (6)
                                                           ----------                                                                                                                      ----------
Average Shares Outstanding Assuming Dilution                  3,123.3                                                                                                                         3,123.3
Tax Rate                                                        37.1%                                                                                                                           21.9%
                                                           ----------                                                                                                                      ----------
Merck is providing non-GAAP information that excludes certain items because of the nature of these items and the impact they have on the analysis of underlying business performance and trends. Management believes that providing this information enhances investors' understanding of the company's performance. This information should be considered in addition to, but not in lieu of, information prepared in accordance with GAAP.
(1) Amounts included in materials and production costs reflect expenses for the amortization of intangible assets and the amortization of purchase accounting adjustments to inventories recognized as a result of the merger. Amounts included in research and development expense represent in-process research and development ("IPR&D") impairment charges.
(2) Amounts primarily include employee separation costs and accelerated depreciation associated with facilities to be sold or closed.
(3) Merger-related costs include transaction and integration costs associated with the merger.
(4) Included in other (income) expense, net is a $950 million legal reserve and a $443 million gain recognized upon AstraZeneca's exercise of the asset option.
(5) Includes a $380 million tax benefit from changes in a foreign entity's tax rate, a charge of $146.5 million associated with a change in tax law that requires taxation of the prescription drug subsidy of the company's retiree health benefit plans which was enacted in the first quarter of 2010 as part of U.S. health care reform legislation, as well as the estimated tax impact on the other reconciling items.
(6) The company calculates earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method which requires the allocation of net income between common shareholders and participating security holders. Net income attributable to Merck & Co., Inc. common shareholders used to calculate non-GAAP earnings per common share assuming dilution was $7,927.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2010.

 

                                            MERCK&CO., INC.
                                     FRANCHISE / KEY PRODUCTSALES
                                           THIRDQUARTER2010
                                          (AMOUNTSINMILLIONS)
                                                Table 3
The following Table reflects Supplemental Combined Non-GAAP sales for the prior year which were adjusted to reflect a full quarter of Merck and Schering-Plough combined results as if the merger closed as of January 1, 2009.
                                             GAAP    GAAP   Adjustment  Supp.Comb.       % Change
                                                                         Non-GAAP    (3Q10GAAPvsSupp.
                                                                                    Comb.Non-GAAP3Q09)
                                           -------  ------  ----------  ----------
                                             3Q10    3Q09      3Q09        3Q09
                                           -------  ------  ----------  ----------
TOTAL SALES (1)                            $11,125  $6,050      $5,481     $11,531                  -4
                                           -------  ------  ----------  ----------  ------------------
    HUMAN HEALTH (2)                         9,660   5,676       4,425      10,101                  -4
        Bone, Resp., Imm., & Dermatology
            Singulair                        1,215   1,085                   1,085                  12
            Remicade                           661                 608         608                   9
            Nasonex                            259                 266         266                  -3
            Fosamax                            220     276                     276                 -20
            Clarinex                           137                 164         164                 -17
            Arcoxia                             94      90                      90                   3
            Asmanex                             48                  53          53                  -9
            Proventil                           43                  59          59                 -27
        Cardiovascular
            Zetia                              571       1         562         563                   1
            Vytorin                            485      20         505         525                  -8
            Integrilin                          63                  74          74                 -15
        Diabetes & Obesity
            Januvia                            600     491                     491                  22
            Janumet                            247     173                     173                  43
        Infectious Disease
            Isentress                          278     197                     197                  41
            PegIntron                          168                 198         198                 -15
            Primaxin                           135     168                     168                 -20
            Cancidas                           135     155                     155                 -13
            Invanz                              91      73                      73                  25
            Avelox                              59                  70          70                 -15
            Rebetol                             55                  64          64                 -14
            Crixivan / Stocrin                  49      49                      49                  -2
        Diversified Brands
            Cozaar / Hyzaar                    423     861                     861                 -51
            Zocor                              114     141                     141                 -19
            Propecia                           109     109                     109                  --
            Claritin Rx                         81                  95          95                 -14
            Vasotec / Vaseretic                 69      73                      73                  -4
            Proscar                             58      67                      67                 -14
            Remeron                             50                  74          74                 -32
        Neurosciences & Ophthalmology
            Maxalt                             133     144                     144                  -8
            Cosopt / Trusopt                   114     123                     123                  -7
            Subutex / Suboxone                   7                  53          53                 -88
        Oncology
            Temodar                            254                 278         278                  -9
            Emend                               91      82                      82                  11
            Caelyx                              70                  67          67                   4
            Intron A                            50                  56          56                 -10
        Vaccines
            ProQuad, M-M-R II and Varivax      434     462                     462                  -6
            Gardasil                           316     311                     311                   2
            RotaTeq                            119     127                     127                  -7
            Pneumovax                          110     130                     130                 -15
            Zostavax                            23      84                      84                 -73
        Women's Health & Endocrine
            NuvaRing                           134                 131         131                   2
            Follistim / Puregon                119                 122         122                  -2
            Implanon                            64                  45          45                  41
            Cerazette                           56                  49          49                  14
        Other Human Health (3)               1,049     182         834       1,016                   3
ANIMAL HEALTH                                  687                 664         664                   3
CONSUMER CARE (2)                              291                 283         283                   3
        Claritin OTC                            92                  85          85                   8
Other Revenues (4)                             487     374         109         483                   1
        Astra                                  345     340                     340                   2
                                           -------  ------              ----------  ------------------
(1) Only select products are shown.
(2) Human Health includes worldwide prescription pharmaceutical sales and consumer product sales excluding the US and Canada. Consumer Care includes US and Canada consumer product sales.
(3) Includes Human Health products not individually shown above. Other vaccines sales included in Other Human Health were $94 million and $53 million for third quarter 2010 and 2009, respectively.
(4) Other revenues are primarily comprised of alliance revenue, miscellaneous corporate revenues and third party manufacturing sales.
Note: The Company is providing Supplemental Combined Non-GAAP sales to reflect the revenues of the company's product sales on a comparable basis to periods prior to the merger. Merck has defined Supplemental Combined Non-GAAP sales as GAAP sales adjusted to reflect a full quarter of Merck and Schering-Plough performance as if the merger closed at the beginning of the periods indicated in this table. This supplemental information is provided to enhance investors' understanding of the company's sales performance. This information should be considered in addition to, but not in lieu of, sales reported in accordance with GAAP.

 

                                              MERCK&CO., INC.
                                        FRANCHISE / KEYPRODUCTSALES
                                        SEPTEMBERYEAR-TO-DATE 2010
                                            (AMOUNTSINMILLIONS)
                                                 Table 3a
The following Table reflects Supplemental Combined Non-GAAP sales for the prior year which were adjusted to reflect the period of Merck and Schering-Plough combined results as if the merger closed as of January 1, 2009.
                                             GAAP      GAAP    Adjustment  Supp.Comb.       % Change
                                                                            Non-GAAP     (SepYTD10GAAPvs
                                                                                       Supp.Comb.Non-GAAP
                                                                                           Sep YTD 09)
                                           --------  --------  ----------  ----------
                                           SepYTD10  SepYTD09  Sep YTD 09  Sep YTD 09
                                           --------  --------  ----------  ----------
TOTAL SALES (1)                             $33,893   $17,335     $16,413     $33,748                  --
                                           --------  --------  ----------  ----------  ------------------
                                             29,230    16,165      13,129      29,293                  --
    HUMAN HEALTH (2)
        Bone, Resp., Imm., & Dermatology
            Singulair                         3,638     3,400                   3,400                   7
            Remicade                          2,004                 1,691       1,691                  18
            Nasonex                             917                   893         893                   3
            Fosamax                             692       815                     815                 -15
            Clarinex                            513                   564         564                  -9
            Arcoxia                             284       260                     260                   9
            Asmanex                             155                   156         156                  -1
            Proventil                           155                   169         169                  -8
        Cardiovascular
            Zetia                             1,668         4       1,625       1,629                   2
            Vytorin                           1,452        57       1,478       1,535                  -5
            Integrilin                          203                   223         223                  -9
        Diabetes & Obesity
            Januvia                           1,710     1,364                   1,364                  25
            Janumet                             666       456                     456                  46
        Infectious Disease
            Isentress                           777       518                     518                  50
            PegIntron                           539                   629         629                 -14
            Primaxin                            452       493                     493                  -8
            Cancidas                            437       442                     442                  -1
            Invanz                              249       205                     205                  21
            Avelox                              224                   250         250                 -10
            Rebetol                             166                   197         197                 -16
            Crixivan / Stocrin                  148       154                     154                  -4
        Diversified Brands
            Cozaar / Hyzaar                   1,690     2,606                   2,606                 -35
            Zocor                               347       419                     419                 -17
            Propecia                            322       318                     318                   1
            Claritin Rx                         298                   323         323                  -8
            Vasotec / Vaseretic                 191       226                     226                 -15
            Proscar                             172       219                     219                 -21
            Remeron                             160                   174         174                  -8
        Neurosciences & Ophthalmology
            Maxalt                              401       418                     418                  -4
            Cosopt / Trusopt                    353       370                     370                  -5
            Subutex / Suboxone                  110                   155         155                 -29
        Oncology
            Temodar                             799                   781         781                   2
            Emend                               268       228                     228                  18
            Caelyx                              209                   195         195                   7
            Intron A                            155                   177         177                 -12
        Vaccines
            ProQuad, M-M-R II and Varivax     1,093     1,036                   1,036                   6
            Gardasil                            768       841                     841                  -9
            RotaTeq                             350       387                     387                 -10
            Pneumovax                           220       218                     218                   1
            Zostavax                            136       202                     202                 -32
        Women's Health & Endocrine
            NuvaRing                            414                   375         375                  10
            Follistim / Puregon                 389                   397         397                  -2
            Implanon                            165                   126         126                  31
            Cerazette                           160                   134         134                  19
        Other Human Health (3)                3,009       510       2,416       2,926                   3
ANIMAL HEALTH                                 2,126                 1,957       1,957                   9
CONSUMER CARE (2)                             1,091                 1,048       1,048                   4
        Claritin OTC                            334                   342         342                  -2
Other Revenues (4)                            1,446     1,170         280       1,450                  --
        Astra                                   950     1,082                   1,082                 -12
                                           --------  --------              ----------  ------------------
(1) Only select products are shown.
(2) Human Health includes worldwide prescription
pharmaceutical sales and consumer product sales excluding the US and Canada. Consumer Care includes US and Canada consumer product sales.
(3) Includes Human Health products not individually shown above. Other vaccines sales included in Other Human Health were $207 million and $137 million for the first nine months of 2010 and 2009, respectively.
(4) Other revenues are primarily comprised of alliance revenue, miscellaneous corporate revenues and third party manufacturing sales.

Note: The Company is providing Supplemental Combined Non-GAAP sales to reflect the revenues of the company's product sales on a comparable basis to periods prior to the merger. Merck has defined Supplemental Combined Non-GAAP sales as GAAP sales adjusted to reflect a full quarter of Merck and Schering-Plough performance as if the merger closed at the beginning of the periods indicated in this table. This supplemental information is provided to enhance investors' understanding of the company's sales performance. This information should be considered in addition to, but not in lieu of, sales reported in accordance with GAAP.

 

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